Yearbook of the United Nations, 2000. Part 1, Political and security questions. Chapter 8, Other political and security questions
In 2000, differences among Member States persisted on various disarmament issues. The Conference on Disarmament remained unable to take any action on the agenda items during its 2000 session due to continuing disagreement on what would constitute a balanced programme of work, especially regarding nuclear disarmament and the prevention of an arms race in outer-space. The Disarmament Commission, in view of its inability to achieve consensus between 1997and 1999 on the agenda and objectives of a fourth special session of the General Assembly devoted to disarmament, considered in 2000 ways and means to achieve nuclear disarmament and practical confidence-building measures in the field of conventional arms. On the positive side, the2000 Review Conference of the Parties to the1968 Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons broke new ground by identifying practical steps for the systematic pursuit of global nuclear disarmament. Those steps included the unequivocal commitment by nuclear-weapon States, for the first time, to the total elimination of their nuclear arsenals. At the bilateral level, the Russian Federation ratified the 1993 Treaty with the United States on the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms (START II) and its related 1997agreements on anti-missile defence. During the year, the two parties held further discussions on START III and issues relating to the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty. IN May, the Secretary-General and the Executive Secretary of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization signed an agreement to regulate the relationship between the two organizations, establishing a formal working relationship between them. Following a request of the majority of ratifying States party to the 1996 Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, the Secretary-General decided to convene a second conference in 2001to facilitate the Treaty's entry into force. The Ad Hoc Group of the States Parties to the1971 Convention on the Prohibition of the Development,Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological(Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction continued efforts to strengthen the Convention through the development of a protocol on verification and confidence-building measures. The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons continued efforts to achieve the objective and purpose of the 1993 Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production,Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction. The Preparatory Committee for the 2001 UN Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects held its first session in February/March in New York, during which views on the work of the Conference were expressed at the national, subregional and regional levels. In March, the Security Council recognized that effective action to curb the illegal flow of small arms into areas of conflict could contribute to the success of disarmament. The United Nations Register of Conventional Arms and the standardized instrument of international reporting of military expenditures continued to contribute to building transparency in military matters. Regarding anti-personnel mines, the Second Meeting of the States Parties to the 1997 Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling,Production and Transfer of Anti-personnel Mines and on Their Destruction took place in September, and the States parties to the 1996amended Protocol on the Use of Mines, Booby Traps and Other Devices (Protocol II) to the 1980Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects held their Second Annual Conference in December.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2000. v. 54; Vol. 54
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