Yearbook of the United Nations, 2002. Part 1, Political and security questions. Chapter 3, Americas
The United Nations continued, throughout 2002, to assist countries in the Americas region in strengthening political stability, security, economic and social development, judicial reform and respect for human rights. The Organization monitored the political and security situation in Central America, where, despite serious delays in implementation of the peace agreements in Guatemala, consolidation of greater democratization throughout the subregion progressed. The United Nations Verification Mission in Guatemala (MINUGUA) continued to fulfil its mandate of verifying compliance with the 1996 peace accords between the Government of Guatemala and the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca, and to monitor compliance with the 2000-2004 verification timetable. Despite the stated commitment of the Guatemalan Government, the new deadlines had not been met and increased political polarization impeded implementation of the peace agreements. In December, the General Assembly extended MINUGUA's mandate until 31 December 2003. In Haiti, despite efforts by the Organization of American States and the Caribbean Community to promote dialogue, the political and security crisis continued, further undermining social and economic development. The United Nations Development Programme coordinated UN assistance to Haiti throughout the year. In November, the Assembly again called on States to refrain from promulgating laws that imposed economic and trade measures on other States, such as the ongoing United States economic embargo against Cuba. It also adopted resolutions on strengthening cooperation with the Organization of American States and the Caribbean Community.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2002. v. 56; Vol. 56
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