Yearbook of the United Nations, 2002. Part 1, Political and security questions. Chapter 7, Disarmament
In 2002, although differences among Member States persisted in various disarmament forums, progress was made regarding the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons, bio-terrorism, the proliferation of ballistic missile systems capable of delivering weapons of mass destruction and other issues. The Conference on Disarmament, for the fourth consecutive year, remained unable to take action on its agenda items due to continuing disagreement on what would constitute a balanced programme of work. It did, however, reaffirm its commitment to work towards the approval of a programme of work, put forth in 2000 (Amorim proposal), which had envisaged the establishment of ad hoc committees with non-negotiating mandates on nuclear disarmament and the prevention of an arms race in outer space. The Disarmament Commission postponed its 2002 substantive session until 2003, as it was unable to decide on an appropriate date for the session owing to postponements and changes to the UN meetings calendar, originating from the disruption of activities caused by the terrorist attacks of September 2001 in the United States. The General Assembly, taking note in November that no consensus had been reached in the Commission on the agenda and objectives of a fourth special session of the Assembly devoted to disarmament, decided to establish an open-ended working group to consider the item. Member States, UN bodies and regional and subregional organizations undertook activities, including practical disarmament measures, such as weapons collection and destruction, to implement the Programme of Action adopted at the 2001 United Nations Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects. A group of governmental experts established by the Secretary-General began studying the feasibility of developing an international instrument to enable States to identify and trace illicit weapons. However, as problems associated with the proliferation of those weapons persisted, the Security Council stressed the need to enhance international cooperation on the issue, while the Assembly called for support to civil society organizations addressing the problem and decided to convene in 2003 the first of the biennial meetings of States, as stipulated in the Programme of Action, to consider implementation of the Programme's provisions. The Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for West Africa was established to strengthen cooperation with regional organizations involved in peacemaking and peace-building, and to support regional efforts to promote peace and stability, including dealing with small arms–related problems in the region. The threat posed by international terrorism, particularly regarding the potential acquisition and use of weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) by terrorist organizations, continued to raise concern among Member States. Thus, the Assembly called for strengthened national measures to prevent terrorists from acquiring those weapons and their means of delivery. The Fifth Review Conference of the States Parties to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction concluded its work and established a new approach for combating the deliberate use of disease as a weapon. In November, 101 States, including four nuclear-weapon States, established a voluntary and non-legally binding international code of conduct—the Hague Code of Conduct—designed to curb the proliferation of ballistic missile systems capable of delivering WMDs. In December, States parties to the 1980 Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects mandated the group of governmental experts established to consider the issues of explosive remnants of war, mines other than anti-personnel mines and small calibre weapons and ammunition to negotiate in 2003 an instrument that would reduce the risks posed by those weapons. On the bilateral level, in May, the United States and the Russian Federation signed a new treaty in Moscow: the Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty, together with a Joint Declaration on a New Strategic Relationship, by which they established a new framework for future bilateral strategic arms reductions. The United States' unilateral withdrawal from the 1972 Treaty on the Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems, announced in 2001, took effect in June. The 1992 Treaty on Open Skies, adopted by members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and of the former Warsaw Pact, entered into force.
UN - UN. General Assembly - UN. Security Council - IAEA - UN. Conference on Disarmament - UN. Disarmament Commission - INTERNATIONAL SECURITY - DISARMAMENT - NUCLEAR WEAPONS - CHEMICAL WEAPONS - BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS - NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION - CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS - MINE CLEARANCE - SMALL ARMS - RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT - TREATIES
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2002. v. 56; Vol. 56
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