Yearbook of the United Nations, 2002. Part 2, Human Rights. Chapter 2, Protection of human rights
In 2002, the protection of human rights—civil and political, as well as economic, social and cultural— remained a major focus of UN activities. During the year, follow-up activities were undertaken to implement the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action (DDPA), adopted at the 2001 World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance. In that regard, the Economic and Social Council, in July, established the Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent and an intergovernmental working group to make recommendations to implement DDPA, and the General Assembly, in December, proclaimed 2004 the International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition. In March, the Security Council adopted an aide-mémoire to facilitate its consideration of issues pertaining to the protection of civilians in armed conflict. In related action in May and December, respectively, it strongly condemned the continued targeting and use of children in armed conflicts, and attacks and violence directed against civilians and other protected persons under international law. The 16-member Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, established to serve as a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council to address indigenous issues relating to economic and social development, the environment, health, education and culture, and human rights, held its first session (13-24 May). In 2002, the Commission on Human Rights and its subsidiary body, the Subcommission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, established new mandates for special rapporteurs concerned with: discrimination in the criminal justice system; the right to physical and mental health; the relationship between the enjoyment of economic, social and cultural rights and the promotion of the realization of the right to drinking water supply and sanitation; housing and property restitution in the context of the return of refugees and internally displaced persons; indigenous people's sovereignty over natural resources; and the prevention of human rights violations committed with small arms and light weapons. Special rapporteurs, special representatives and independent experts of the Commission and the Subcommission examined, among other issues, contemporary forms of racism; allegations of torture; extralegal executions; impunity; mercenary activity; the rights of migrants; the independence of the judiciary; freedom of religion or belief; human rights and terrorism; the right to development; the right to food; the right to adequate housing; the right to education; the effects of structural adjustment policies and foreign debt on human rights; internally displaced persons; illicit practices related to toxic and dangerous products and wastes; violence against women; the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography; children affected by armed conflict; and the human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people. Working groups considered discrimination against minorities, arbitrary detention, enforced or involuntary disappearances, the right to development, bioethics and contemporary forms of slavery, and the rights of indigenous peoples.
UN - UN. General Assembly - UN. Commission on Human Rights - UN. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights - HUMAN RIGHTS - SPECIAL PROCEDURES - CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS - ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS - RACIAL DISCRIMINATION - MINORITIES - RELIGIOUS INTOLERANCE - SELF-DETERMINATION OF PEOPLES - ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE - DEMOCRACY - RIGHT TO DEVELOPMENT - POVERTY - RIGHT TO FOOD - RIGHT TO HOUSING - RIGHT TO EDUCATION - ENVIRONMENT - RIGHT TO HEALTH - CORRUPTION - SLAVERY - SMALL ARMS
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2002. v. 56; Vol. 56
This item appears in the following Collection(s)