Yearbook of the United Nations, 2002. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 1, Development policy and international economic cooperation
In 2002, the world economy began a sluggish recovery from the sharp global slowdown of the previous year, but the sustainability of the upturn was uncertain. Global growth, at 1.4 per cent, showed just marginal improvement over 2001, which experienced the weakest performance in a decade. In addition, for the second year in a row, per capita income for the world as a whole declined, marking a setback to fulfilment of the primary Millennium Development Goal (MDG), adopted by the General Assembly in 2000, of halving by 2015 the proportion of the world's people living in extreme poverty. Achievement of poverty eradication and other MDGs was a key concern of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg, South Africa, 26 August–4 September), which conducted the comprehensive 10-year review of progress made in implementing Agenda 21, the action plan on sustainable development adopted by the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development. The Summit culminated in the adoption of the Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development and the Plan of Implementation of the World Summit, by which Governments recommitted themselves to the full implementation of Agenda 21 and detailed priorities, targets and timetables for future action. In December, the General Assembly endorsed the Summit outcomes. Also, in follow-up to Summit recommendations, the Assembly declared the United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development, to begin in 2005, and endorsed the establishment of a World Solidarity Fund to eradicate poverty. The Commission on Sustainable Development, which devoted its 2002 session to preparations for the Summit, was charged with overseeing Summit follow-up and implementation. The implications of globalization and new technology, especially in relation to development, were another focus of UN deliberations in 2002. In June, the Assembly devoted a special meeting to discussing the potential of information and communication technologies (ICT) in fostering development and promoting the integration of developing countries into the global economy. In December, the Assembly called for development of a comprehensive ICT strategy for the UN system and reaffirmed the Organization's central role in promoting development in the context of globalization and interdependence. Also during the year, the International Telecommunication Union launched preparations for the World Summit on the Information Society, which was to be convened in two phases in 2003 and 2005, and the United Nations ICT Task Force commenced work as the global forum on integrating ICT into development programmes. In April, the Committee for Development Policy considered ways of enhancing human and social capabilities for development in a knowledge based global society, as well as aid effectiveness in Africa. The newly reconstituted Committee of Experts on Public Administration, in July, considered the role of public administration in development, especially in supporting implementation of the MDGs. In addition, UN bodies continued efforts to improve the lives of the millions of people living in particularly vulnerable areas of the world, including the economies in transition, the least developed countries, small island developing states and landlocked developing countries.
UN - UN. General Assembly - UN. Economic and Social Council - UN System - Millennium Development Goals - UN. Committee for Development Policy - ECONOMIC COOPERATION - DEVELOPMENT - ECONOMIC RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF STATES - POVERTY MITIGATION - SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - ECONOMIC TRENDS - DEVELOPMENT POLICY - PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION - LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES - ISLANDS - LANDLOCKED DEVELOPING COUNTRIES - ECONOMIES IN TRANSITION - MOUNTAIN AREAS - DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2002. v. 56; Vol. 56
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