Yearbook of the United Nations, 2002. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 2, Operational activities for development
In 2002, the United Nations system continued to provide development assistance to developing countries and countries with economies in transition, primarily through the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the central United Nations funding body for technical assistance. UNDP's income in 2002 reached $3,041 million, an 8 per cent increase over 2001. Total expenditure for all programme activities and support costs in 2002 was $2,817 million as compared with $2,725 million the previous year. Other technical cooperation included $46.4 million provided through the programme executed by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, $69.3 million through the United Nations Fund for International Partnerships and $22.5 million through the United Nations Capital Development Fund. The Secretary-General reported in May on progress in implementing General Assembly resolution 56/201 on the triennial comprehensive policy review of UN operational activities for development, including the outline for planning, evaluating, implementing and reviewing those activities. Progress was assessed in the context of the world economy and the commitments and goals of the United Nations Millennium Declaration. In July, the Economic and Social Council stressed the need for UN organizations to focus on field-level activities in accordance with the Millennium Declaration Goals (MDGs). It made specific recommendations on funding operational activities for development, capacity building, frameworks for programming, evaluation of activities, and simplification and harmonization of rules and procedures. In 2002, UNDP focused on putting the MDGs at the centre of UN development work, particularly those relating to the reduction of poverty, democratic governance, response to special development situations such as crisis prevention and recovery, sustainable energy and the environment. The Programme introduced a number of management changes to strengthen its performance. It also approved proposals for improving its funding arrangements, especially the distribution model of resources. The United Nations Office for Project Services, which continued to operate under the self financing principle, had a total value of project and loan portfolios of $3.7 billion in 2002, roughly the same as in 2001, comprising $1.4 billion in project value and $2.3 billion in loans and grants it supervised. Total project delivery was $509 million. That was achieved against a background of serious financial difficulties, requiring a major budget-reduction exercise and the development of a new planning methodology. The United Nations Volunteers programme, administered by UNDP, expanded for the sixth consecutive year, with over 5,200 volunteers carrying out more than 5,500 assignments in 139 countries.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2002. v. 56; Vol. 56
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