Yearbook of the United Nations, 2002. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 7, Environment and human settlements
In 2002, the United Nations and the international community continued efforts to protect the environment through legally binding instruments and the activities of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The seventh special session of the UNEP Governing Council/third Global Ministerial Environment Forum( GC/GMEF) adopted the report of the Open-ended Intergovernmental Group of Ministers or Their Representatives on International Environmental Governance, which contained recommendations for improved coherence in international environmental policy-making and on the GC/GMEF role and structure in guiding worldwide environmental efforts. During the year, numerous UNEP activities focused on the preparations for and outcome of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (see p. 821), which adopted a Plan of Implementation containing, among other measures, proposals relating to environmental questions. In other action, UNEP presented the third report in the Global Environment Outlook series, which examined the state and management of the environment over the preceding 30 years, and continued to develop a strategy to enhance civil society engagement in its work. The UNEP Governing Council adopted guidelines on compliance with and enforcement of multilateral environmental agreements. The sixth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity adopted the Hague Ministerial Declaration, which endorsed a 2010 target for a significant reduction in the current rate of loss of biological diversity. The 2001 Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants was closed for signature on 22 May with 151 signatories. The eighth session of the Conference of the Parties to the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change adopted the Delhi Ministerial Declaration on Climate Change and Sustainable Development, which stressed that, in addition to mitigation, high priority be given to adapting to the adverse impacts of climate change. The combined sixth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the 1985 Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the 1987 Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer extended the trial period of the fixed-exchange-rate mechanism for the replenishment of the Multilateral Fund for a further three years. The Bishkek Global Mountain Summit, the culminating global event of the International Year of Mountains (2002), formulated the Bishkek Mountain Platform to provide a framework for stakeholders and others to contribute to sustainable mountain development. The World Ecotourism Summit, which adopted the Quebec Declaration on Ecotourism, was the highlight of the International Year of Ecotourism. The United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) began functioning as a subsidiary organ of the General Assembly on 1 January. The transformation and reform process, completed in 2001, enabled UN-Habitat to adopt development goals and norms that would assist in implementing the 1996 Habitat Agenda, the 2000 UN Millennium Declaration and the Declaration on Cities and Other Human Settlements in the New Millennium, adopted at the 2001 General Assembly special session for an overall review and appraisal of the Agenda. The Committee of Permanent Representatives discussed, among other issues, proposed revisions to UN-Habitat's medium-term plan for 2002-2005, including the addition of a new subprogramme on the financing of human settlements. The General Assembly elected Anna Kajumulo Tibaijuka (United Republic of Tanzania) as Executive Director of UN-Habitat for a four-year term beginning on 1 September.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2002. v. 56; Vol. 56
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