Yearbook of the United Nations, 2002. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 11, Children, youth and ageing persons
In 2002, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) continued to work with its partners to ensure that every child was cared for, nurtured and protected early in life; was fully immunized and received essential nutrients; was helped to avoid contracting HIV/AIDS; was protected from harm, abuse and violence, including war; and that all children completed their education. The General Assembly convened its twenty-seventh special session on children (New York, 810 May) and adopted “A world fit for children”, an outcome document consisting of a declaration reaffirming participants' commitments to act together for the benefit of children; a review of progress made in achieving the goals of the 1990 World Summit for Children; and a plan of action. For the first time in the history of UN meetings, the special session included more than 600 children as delegates and active participants. UNICEF began work on the five organizational priorities established in its 2002-2005 medium term strategic plan: girls' education; fighting HIV/AIDS; integrated early childhood development; immunization “plus”; and improved protection from violence, exploitation, abuse and discrimination. In 2002, UNICEF's Executive Board held two regular sessions in January and September and its annual session in June, adopting 19 decisions. The two Optional Protocols to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, and on the involvement of children in armed conflict, entered into force on 18 January and 12 February, respectively (see p. 637). In 2002, the United Nations continued its efforts to strengthen the implementation of the 1995 World Programme of Action for Youth to the Year 2000 and Beyond. In December, the General Assembly encouraged Member States to prepare national reviews and action plans on youth employment and to involve youth organizations and young people in the process. The Second World Assembly on Ageing (Madrid, Spain, 8-12 April) adopted a Political Declaration by which participants reaffirmed the commitment made during the first World Assembly in 1982 to improve the lives of older persons. It also adopted the Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing, 2002, containing recommendations for action in three priority areas: older persons and development; advancing health and well-being into old age; and ensuring enabling and supportive environments for older persons.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2002. v. 56; Vol. 56
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