Yearbook of the United Nations, 2000. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 1, Development policy and international economic cooperation
Economic growth in 2000 was unexpectedly and unusually high and widespread. World output,which jumped to 4 per cent from 2.8 per cent in1999, the strongest increase in more than a decade,was associated with double-digit growth in the volume of international trade. The developed economies, especially North America, were important sources of the strong performance. Although the economic situation of most developing countries also improved significantly, recovery from the setbacks of the financial crises of recent years remained incomplete. In many cases, employment and real wages had not returned to pre-crisis levels and broad negative social consequences persisted. IN action on development issues by UN bodies ring the year, the challenges and opportunities of globalization were recognized, but concern was expressed about the exclusion of a large number of developing countries from the benefits of globalization and the growing income and technological gap, both between rich and poor countries and within countries. Those issues were also taken up by the Millennium Assembly(see p. 47) and the tenth session of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development(see p. 890). IN July, ministers attending the high-level segment of the Economic and Social Council adopted a Declaration calling for action by Governments and the international community to improve the capacity of developing countries and economies in transition to participate in the emerging global knowledge-based economy in order to promote their economic and social development. Also in July, the Council recommended the creation of an information and communication technologies task force in order to formulate strategies for putting those technologies at the service of development. In a December resolution on the role of the United Nations in promoting development in the context of globalization and interdependence, the General Assembly encouraged the Secretary-General to continue consultations on establishing such a task force. The Commission on Sustainable Development,at its April/May session, held a multi stake holder dialogue on agriculture and considered preparations for the 10-year review, to beheld in 2002, of progress achieved in implementing Agenda 21, adopted in 1992 by the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. The Committee for Development Policy,in April, carried out the triennial review of the list of least developed countries (LDCs), recommending that Senegal be added to and Maldives be graduated from the list. Preparations for the Third United Nations Conference on LDCs,to be held in 2001, were considered by the Assembly in December. Other action by the Assembly on international economic cooperation included calling for the elimination of unilateral extraterritorial coercive economic measures, emphasizing the need for a favourable international and national environment for the industrialization of developing countries, calling on the UN system to continue to conduct analytical studies and provide advice and technical assistance to countries with economies in transition, requesting the Secretary-General to prepare for a second high-level dialogue on strengthening international economic cooperation for development through partnership and inviting the members of the UN system to reflect in their programmes measures for the implementation of the 1994 Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States.
UN - UN. General Assembly - UN. Economic and Social Council - UN System - Millennium Development Goals - UN. Committee for Development Policy - ECONOMIC COOPERATION - DEVELOPMENT - SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - POVERTY MITIGATION - SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY - ECONOMIC TRENDS - PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION - DEVELOPMENT POLICY - DEVELOPING COUNTRIES - LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES - ISLANDS - LANDLOCKED DEVELOPING COUNTRIES - ECONOMIES IN TRANSITION
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2000. v. 54; Vol. 54
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