Yearbook of the United Nations, 2003. Part 1, Political and security questions. Chapter 3, Americas
In 2003, the United Nations continued its assistance to countries in the Americas region in their efforts to strengthen political stability, security and judicial reform, human rights, demilitarization and the strengthening of civilian power, indigenous rights and socio-economic development. The Organization monitored the political and security situation in Central America, where signs of fragmentation and personalism in political parties had fostered alliances that sought short-term political gain to the detriment of consensus-building around key policy issues. The United Nations Verification Mission in Guatemala (MINUGUA) continued to fulfil its mandate of verifying compliance with the 1996 peace accords between the Government of Guatemala and the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca, and to monitor compliance with the 2000-2004 verification timetable. Implementation of the accords fell short of expectations as progress was overshadowed by a worsening public security situation, persistent corruption, setbacks in the fight against impunity and an ongoing climate of intimidation against justice officials and human rights defenders. However, elections were held successfully in December and the General Assembly extended MINUGUA's mandate for the final time, until 31 December 2004. In Haiti, despite efforts by the Organization of American States and the Caribbean Community Secretariat, the political and security crisis continued. By late 2003, a newly united opposition movement was calling for the President's resignation. The UN system continued its long-term programme of support for the country. On 13 February, the Security Council condemned a bomb attack in Bogotá, Colombia, and urged all States to work together and to cooperate with and provide support and assistance to the Colombian authorities in their efforts to find and bring to justice the perpetrators, organizers and sponsors of that terrorist attack. The Council expressed its reinforced determination to combat all forms of terrorism. In November, the Assembly again called on States to refrain from promulgating laws that imposed economic and trade measures on other States, such as the ongoing United States economic embargo against Cuba.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2003. v. 57; Vol. 57
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