Yearbook of the United Nations, 2003. Part 1, Political and security questions. Chapter 7, Disarmament
In 2003, despite continuing differences among Member States on many disarmament issues, progress was made in addressing problems relating to small arms and light weapons, and in promoting transparency in armaments. The Conference on Disarmament did not reach consensus on a comprehensive programme of work, which made it unable, for the fifth consecutive year, to take action on its agenda items. Marked disagreements among Member States also prevented the Disarmament Commission from adopting concrete proposals on substantive issues. Member States, UN bodies and regional and subregional organizations pressed forward with measures and activities to implement the Programme of Action adopted by the 2001 UN Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects, including through weapons collection and destruction and other practical disarmament measures. The first biennial meeting of States on the implementation process reviewed experiences in coping with related problems. The Group of Governmental Experts established to address the issue of tracing illicit stockpiles of the weapons concluded that it was desirable to develop an international instrument to enable States to identify and trace them in a timely and reliable manner. The General Assembly established an open-ended working group to begin negotiations on the instrument and decided to convene, in 2006, a UN conference to review progress made in implementing the Programme of Action. In April and May, the First Review Conference of the States parties to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction reviewed the Convention's operation and considered its role in enhancing international peace and security, as well as measures to ensure its universality. In November, the first of three scheduled annual meetings of States parties to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction considered the adoption of national measures to implement the prohibitions set forth in the Convention and national mechanisms to establish and maintain the security and oversight of pathogenic micro-organisms and toxins. A November meeting of the States parties to the 1980 Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects adopted a new legally binding instrument, Protocol V, on Explosive Remnants of War and related weapons, which would be annexed to the Convention. In August, the Group of Governmental Experts on the continuing operation and further development of the UN Register of Conventional Arms recommended a number of measures to enhance its effectiveness and global relevance. The Secretary-General established a Group of Governmental Experts mandated to undertake the second review since 1981 of the relationship between disarmament and development, for consideration in 2004. In June, the 2002 Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty (SORT) between the United States and the Russian Federation entered into force. SORT, also known as the Moscow Treaty, established a new strategic framework for further reductions of the parties' strategic offensive weapons.
UN - UN. General Assembly - UN. Security Council - IAEA - UN. Conference on Disarmament - UN. Disarmament Commission - INTERNATIONAL SECURITY - DISARMAMENT - NUCLEAR WEAPONS - CHEMICAL WEAPONS - BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS - NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION - CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS - MINE CLEARANCE - SMALL ARMS - RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT - TREATIES
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2003. v. 57; Vol. 57
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