Yearbook of the United Nations, 2003. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 13, Health, food and nutrition
In 2003, the United Nations continued to promote human health, coordinate food aid and food security, and support research in nutrition. At the end of 2003, about 37.8 million people were living with HIV/AIDS. During the year, an estimated 4.8 million people became infected with the virus and 2.9 million died as a result. In September, the General Assembly held four high-level plenary meetings devoted to follow-up to the outcome of its twenty-sixth (2001) special session and the implementation of the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS, adopted during the special session. The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) continued to coordinate UN activities for AIDS prevention and control, including the implementation of the Declaration. In December, UNAIDS and the World Health Organization (WHO) launched the “3 by 5” initiative, a global project to provide anti retro-viral therapy to 3 million people in developing countries by the end of 2005. Efforts also continued towards meeting the UN Millennium Development Goal of halting and beginning to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS by 2015. In support of the Decade to Roll Back Malaria in Developing Countries, Particularly in Africa, 2001-2010, the General Assembly called on the international community to support the development of the capacity to manufacture insecticide treated nets (ITNs) in Africa and to encourage and facilitate the transfer of technology needed to make ITNs more effective and long-lasting. Measures were taken to strengthen the Roll Back Malaria initiative, launched by WHO in 1998 with the goal of halving the world's malaria burden by 2010. The Assembly also took action to address the global road safety crisis. The text of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control was finalized in February and adopted by the World Health Assembly in May. The World Food Programme (WFP)—a joint undertaking of the United Nations and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)—assisted a record 104.2 million people, providing 6 million tons of food aid. Through WFP's relief operation in Iraq, 2.1 million tons of food reached the entire Iraqi population of around 27 million. FAO continued to implement the Plan of Action adopted at the 1996 World Food Summit and the Declaration of the 2002World Food Summit: five years later, which called on the international community to fulfil the pledge made at the Summit to halve the number of hungry to about 400 million by 2015.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2003. v. 57; Vol. 57
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