Yearbook of the United Nations, 2000. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 7, Environment and human settlements
In 2000, the United Nations and the international community continued efforts to protect the environment through legally binding instruments and the activities of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The first Global Ministerial Environment Forum/sixth special session of the UNEP Governing Council (Malmo, Sweden, 29-31 May) adopted the Malmo Ministerial Declaration, which aimed at setting the environmental agenda for the twenty-first century. The Declaration provided input to the Millennium Summit in September(see p. 47) and to the 10-year review of the implementation of the outcome of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development planned for 2002 (see p. 792), which together would set the global agenda for environment and sustainable development for the years ahead. In his report to the United Nations Millennium Summit (see p. 55), the Secretary-General called on Member States to become actively engaged in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment—an international collaborative effort to evaluate the five major ecosystems (forests, freshwater systems, grasslands, coastal areas and agro-ecosystems). The Assessment, scheduled to be launched in June 2001, would provide parties to various international ecosystem conventions with access to the data needed to evaluate progress towards meeting convention goals. Concerned about the need for conservation and sustainable development of forests, the Economic and Social Council established in October the United Nations Forum on Forests to promote policy development and dialogue among Governments,enhance programme coordination and strengthen political commitment in that area. The Global International Waters Assessment,inaugurated in 2000, was aimed at assessing international waters in 66 subregions, as well as the ecological status and the causes of environmental problems in those water areas. The first phase of the Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities was completed in 2000, including the preparation of 10 regional assessments and nine regional programmes. The Conference of the Parties to the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity (Montreal, 24-29January) adopted the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. Upon entry into force, the Protocol would provide a framework for addressing environmental impacts of bioengineered products,referred to as living modified organisms, that crossed international borders. The Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for an International Legally Binding Instrument for Implementing International Action on Certain Persistent Organic Pollutants met in March and December and approved the draft text of a legally binding instrument. The Conference of the Parties to the 1994 United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification,particularly in Africa (Bonn, 11-22 December),approved a declaration on the commitments to enhance implementation of the Convention,stressing the need for special efforts to combat and prevent desertification and/or mitigate the effects of drought between 2001 and 2010. The Commission on Human Settlements, at its first session (Nairobi, Kenya, 8-12 May), acting as the Preparatory Committee for the special (2001)session of the General Assembly for an overall review and appraisal of the implementation of the1996 Habitat Agenda, adopted a series of resolutions on the review and appraisal process. It submitted two initiatives—the Global Campaign for Secure Tenure and the Global Campaign for Urban Governance—to operationalize its own role in assisting countries to implement the Habitat Agenda. In December, the General Assembly decide don the provisional agenda for the special session and that it would be held in June 2001 in New York.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2000. v. 54; Vol. 54
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