Yearbook of the United Nations, 2004. Part 1, Political and security questions. Chapter 7, Disarmament
Although Member States continued to differ in 2004 on many disarmament issues, relative progress was made in addressing challenges relating to weapons of mass destruction and conventional weapons, particularly small arms and light weapons, and in promoting transparency in armaments. The Conference on Disarmament remained unable to reach consensus on a comprehensive programme of work, and consequently did not take action on its agenda items for the sixth consecutive year. However, the Conference was able to adopt a decision on enhancing the engagement of civil society in its work. Similarly, continuing discord among Member States prevented the Disarmament Commission from reaching agreement on its substantive agenda for the 2004 session. In April, owing to increasing concern over threats to international peace and security associated with the potential proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, the Security Council called on States to ensure compliance with their commitments under multilateral non-proliferation treaties, and established a Committee to monitor their efforts in that regard. The General Assembly reaffirmed the importance of effective verification measures in non-proliferation and other disarmament agreements and asked the Secretary-General to establish a panel of governmental experts to explore the question of verification in all its aspects. Regarding conventional weapons, Member States maintained progress in efforts to combat the proliferation of small arms and light weapons, particularly regarding the implementation of the Programme of Action adopted by the 2001UNConference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects. National, regional and subregional initiatives undertaken within that framework increased significantly during the year, including the adoption and strengthening of national laws, weapons collection and destruction activities, and the establishment of arrangements for cooperation. Member States of the Economic Community of West African States began efforts to transform into a legally-binding instrument their 1998 Moratorium on the Importation, Exportation and Manufacture of Small Arms and Light Weapons in West Africa. The Protocol on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials, adopted in 2001 by member States of the Southern African Development Community, entered into force in November. The open-ended working group established in 2003 to negotiate an international instrument to help identify and trace illicit small arms and light weapons began its work and resolved to produce and circulate the first draft of the proposed instrument in early 2005. The Security Council encouraged international cooperation to prevent the diversion of small arms and light weapons to terrorist groups, particularly Al-Qaida, while the General Assembly asked the Secretary-General to continue consultations with Member States with a view to establishing no later than 2007, a group of governmental experts to consider further steps to enhance such cooperation in combating illicit brokering of those weapons. Concerning the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Secretary-General reported in July an adjustment to its scope in conformity with the recommendations of the Group of Governmental Experts that reviewed the Register's operation in 2003 and proposed measures to enhance its effectiveness and relevance. In November, the First Review Conference of the States Parties to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (Mine-Ban Convention) reviewed the Convention's operation and status and adopted an action plan for ending the suffering caused by anti-personnel mines. The Group of Governmental Experts established to undertake the second review since 1981 of the relationship between disarmament and development reaffirmed the findings of the 1987 Conference on the issue that, although disarmament and development had their logics and existed independently of each other, progress in one could create a conducive environment for the other. On the bilateral level, the United States and the Russian Federation held meetings during the year to discuss the implementation of their Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty (Moscow Treaty), which entered into force in 2003.
UN - UN. General Assembly - UN. Security Council - IAEA - UN. Conference on Disarmament - UN. Disarmament Commission - INTERNATIONAL SECURITY - DISARMAMENT - NUCLEAR WEAPONS - CHEMICAL WEAPONS - BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS - NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION - CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS - MINE CLEARANCE - SMALL ARMS - RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT - TREATIES
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2004. v. 58; Vol. 58
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