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Yearbook of the United Nations, 2005. Part 1, Political and security questions. Chapter 8, Other political and security questions
In 2005, the United Nations continued to consider political and security questions relating to its efforts to support democratization worldwide, the promotion of decolonization, the Organization's public information activities and the peaceful uses of outer space. The Organization continued to promote and strengthen democratic practices and principles around the world and to better coordinate and strengthen UN activities to support that objective. In July, the Secretary-General announced the establishment of the United Nations Democracy Fund, a voluntary trust fund to promote democracy worldwide. Efforts also continued to promote measures to ensure regional peace, security and stability, especially in Antarctica, the South Atlantic and the Indian Ocean, through the General Assembly's ad hoc committees established for those purposes. The Special Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples reviewed progress in the implementation of the 1960 Declaration, particularly the exercise of self-determination by the remaining Non Self-governing Territories. During the year, the national representative body of Tokelau, a New Zealand administered Territory, approved a draft treaty of free association between Tokelau and New Zealand, and the holding of a referendum on the change in the Territory's status in 2006. The Special Committee, at the invitation of the Bermuda Independence Commission, visited Bermuda during the year to assess the type of assistance the UN system could provide to help that Territory define its future status. Progress was also made in the new Tripartite Forum for Dialogue on Gibraltar. In the area of information, the Secretary-General reported that the process of reorientation of the Department of Public Information (DPI), launched in 2002, was completed, and that DPI had implemented those aspects of the 2002 comprehensive review of its work that were within his authority. While the Regional United Nations Information Centre (UNIC) in Brussels, Belgium, made steady progress as an information hub for Western Europe, the Secretary-General revised his plan for the further rationalization of information centres around hubs in other regions and proposed instead a strategic recalibration of the existing network of UNICs, by which key centres in each region would be strengthened to support other centres. The Secretary-General also set out new strategic directions for UN libraries to align library policy with the recommendations put forward in his 2002 report on strengthening the United Nations: an agenda for further change. In a December resolution on developments in information and telecommunications, the Assembly called on Member States to consider existing and potential threats in the field of information security. Regarding the role of science and technology in the context of international security, the Assembly, in another December resolution, encouraged UN bodies, within existing mandates, to promote the application of science and technology for peaceful purposes. The Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space considered the implementation of the recommendations of the Third (1999) United Nations Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space. Implementation of the recommendations by Member States continued through regional and international efforts and the work of some of the action teams established for that purpose. The United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation held its fifty-third session.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2005 v. 59; Vol. 59
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