Yearbook of the United Nations, 2005. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 7, Environment and human settlements
In 2005, the United Nations and the international community continued to work towards protecting the environment through legally binding instruments and the activities of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The twenty-third session of the UNEP Governing Council/sixth Global Ministerial Environment Forum adopted the Bali Strategic Plan for Technology Support and Capacity-building and an updated UNEP water policy and strategy. The Governing Council also adopted decisions on strengthening environmental emergency response and developing disaster prevention, preparedness, mitigation and early-warning systems in the aftermath of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami; chemicals management; poverty and the environment; and gender equality in the field of the environment. A summary of discussions on the environmental underpinnings of the Millennium Development Goals, held during the session by ministers and delegation heads, was submitted by the Governing Council President as a contribution to the High-level Plenary Meeting of the General Assembly (2005World Summit) in September. The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA), a four-year international assessment to evaluate the state of major ecosystems and their links with human well-being, was completed in 2005, and two MA reports were released. The Global International Waters Assessment, which studied international waters and causes of environmental problems in 66 water regions, was also concluded and several reports on its findings were published. A second International Workshop on the regular process for global reporting and assessment of the state of the marine environment, including socio-economic aspects, known as the Global Marine Assessment, was convened in June. In November, the Assembly endorsed the Workshop's conclusions and decided to launch an “assessment of assessments”, to be completed within two years. The Montreal Protocol to the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change entered into force on 16 February; the first Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Protocol was convened in November/December. The first meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the 2001 Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants was held in May. The Assembly declared 2008 the International Year of Planet Earth and encouraged Member States, the UN system and other actors to take advantage of the Year to increase awareness of the importance of Earth sciences for the achievement of sustainable development and to promote action at the local, national, regional and international levels. The United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) continued to support the implementation of the 1996 Habitat Agenda, the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation of the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development and the Millennium Development Goals, with a focus on the Goal aimed at improving the lives of slum-dwellers. It supported local, national and regional human settlements development activities, including through the placement of Habitat Programme Managers in 32 countries. Among other measures, the Programme's Governing Council decided to accelerate the implementation of a cooperation framework with the World Bank Group and regional development banks, to increase resources and capacities for improving access to basic services for all and to strengthen the Slum Upgrading Facility of UN Habitat.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2005 v. 59; Vol. 59
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