Yearbook of the United Nations, 2005. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 8, Population
In 2005, the world's population reached 6.5 billion, as compared with 6.4 billion in 2004. Growing at the rate of about 1.2 per cent annually, world population was projected to reach the 7 billion mark in 2012, and long-range projections suggested that it could ultimately stabilize at about 9 billion people. United Nations population activities continued to be guided, in 2005, by the Programme of Action adopted at the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) and the key actions for its further implementation adopted at the twenty-first special session of the General Assembly in 1999. The Commission on Population and Development, the body responsible for monitoring, reviewing and assessing the implementation of the Programme of Action, considered as its special theme “Population, development and HIV/AIDS, with particular emphasis on poverty”. It also discussed how the implementation of the Programme of Action contributed to the achievement of internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs); financial resources for implementing the Programme of Action; world population monitoring; world demographic trends; and the activities of the UN Population Division. The Population Division continued to analyse and report on world demographic trends and policies and to make its findings available in publications and on the Internet. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) continued, in 2005, to assist countries in implementing the ICPD agenda and the MDGs. It participated in the preparatory process leading to the 2005World Summit review of progress made towards achieving the objectives and targets of the Millennium Declaration. In the World Summit Outcome, adopted by the General Assembly in September, world leaders reaffirmed the ICPD goal of achieving universal access to reproductive health as critical to the realization of the MDGs, and committed themselves to achieving universal access to reproductive health by 2015 and integrating that goal in strategies to attain the internationally agreed development goals aimed at reducing maternal mortality, improving maternal health, reducing child mortality, promoting gender equality, combating HIV/AIDS and eradicating poverty. The United Nations made preparations, in 2005, for convening a High-level Dialogue on International Migration and Development. In December, the General Assembly decided that the High-level Dialogue would be held in New York on 14 and 15 September 2005 and would discuss the overall theme of the multidimensional aspects of international migration and development, in order to identify appropriate ways to maximize its development benefits and minimize its negative impacts. The Assembly also decided on the format of the session and the themes of four interactive round tables, as well as on related arrangements.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2005 v. 59; Vol. 59
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