Yearbook of the United Nations, 2005. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 10, Women
During 2005, UN efforts to advance the status of women worldwide and ensure their rights continued to be directed by the principles and guidelines of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, adopted at the Fourth (1995) World Conference on Women, and the outcome of the General Assembly's twenty-third (2000) special session, which reviewed progress in their implementation (Beijing+5). The occasion of the tenth anniversary of the World Conference inspired renewed efforts to implement the two instruments, which continued to be a driving force behind many high-level meetings and commemorative events throughout the year. At its forty-ninth session in March, the Commission on the Status of Women convened a high-level plenary meeting focusing on the two thematic issues of the review of the implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of the twenty-third special session, and current challenges and forward-looking strategies for the advancement of women and girls. The Commission recommended to the Economic and Social Council for adoption a declaration on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the Fourth World Conference on Women, which the Council endorsed in July. It also adopted resolutions on assistance to Palestinian women, women and girls in Afghanistan, and mainstreaming a gender perspective into all UN system policies and programmes. In December, in follow-up to the Fourth World Conference and the outcome of the special session, the Assembly adopted a resolution requesting all UN bodies to ensure that programmes, plans and budgets visibly targeted the mainstreaming of gender perspectives, and calling on the UN system to play an active role in ensuring the effective and accelerated implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome of the twenty-third special session. The Assembly also adopted resolutions on an in-depth study on all forms of violence against women; improvement of the situation of women in rural areas; violence against migrant workers; the girl child; women in development; and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. The United Nations Development Fund for Women focused on the implementation of its multi-year funding framework, which targeted goals in four key areas: feminized poverty, violence against women, the spread of HIV/ AIDS and gender equality in democratic governance and in post-conflict countries. In July, the Economic and Social Council took action on the results of an independent assessment of UNIFEM, which had been commissioned by its Consultative Committee in 2004. In 2005, the United Nations continued to strengthen and revitalize the International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW). The Office of Internal Oversight Services transmitted a report on the follow-up audit it conducted in December 2004, which revealed that, while there had been improvement in INSTRAW governance structure, further strengthening of programmatic and administrative oversight was needed. INSTRAW's financial situation remained precarious and a subcommittee was established to analyse a proposed fund-raising strategy.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2005 v. 59; Vol. 59
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