Yearbook of the United Nations, 2005. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 13, Health, food and nutrition
In 2005, the United Nations continued to promote human health, coordinate food aid, promote food security, and support research in nutrition. At the end of the year, about 40 million people globally were living with the human immunodeficiency virus or the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS). An estimated 4.1 million people became infected with the virus, while 2.8 million died due to AIDS-related illnesses. The Human Development Report 2005 identified AIDS as having inflicted the single greatest reversal in human development, although there were encouraging signs that the epidemic was beginning to be contained. The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) continued to coordinate UN activities for AIDS prevention and control, appointing a Global Task Team to simplify and streamline multilateral procedures and practices to facilitate more effective country-led responses. UNAIDS also adopted a new policy approach to HIV prevention. In 2005, the Roll Back Malaria Partnership conducted a comprehensive review of the epidemiological status of malaria and progress made in fighting the disease. It published the first World Malaria Report, which found that, while malaria remained a major global problem, substantial progress had been made in addressing the disease over the last several years. Although tuberculosis trends were stable or in decline in the other World Health Organization (WHO) regions of the world, WHO Regional Committee for Africa declared tuberculosis an emergency in the African region, and urged member States in the region to step up interventions. The United Nations Road Safety Collaboration defined a framework for collaboration on road safety issues, and initiated efforts to facilitate implementation of General Assembly resolution 58/289 on improving road safety and the recommendations of the World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention. The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control entered into force on 27 February and the World Health Assembly approved the revised International Health Regulations, which laid out the role of WHO and countries in identifying and responding to public health emergencies. The year 2005 was very challenging for humanitarian aid according to the World Food Programme (WFP). The Indian Ocean tsunami, drought and locusts in the Niger, continuing conflict in the Darfur region of Western Sudan, hurricanes Katrina and Stan, and the earthquake in Kashmir took thousands of lives and destroyed many homes and livelihoods. In response to those and other crises, WFP distributed 4.2 million metric tons of food to 96.7 million people in 82 countries. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) continued to implement the Plan of Action adopted at the 1996 World Food Summit for meeting the commitments to halve the number of undernourished people worldwide by 2015. In support of an FAO resolution highlighting the importance of the potato as a staple food around the world, the Assembly declared 2008 the International Year of the Potato.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2005 v. 59; Vol. 59
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