Yearbook of the United Nations, 2006. Part 1, Political and security questions. Chapter 1, International Peace and Security
The United Nations continued to strengthen its efforts to promote and maintain Africa. The Peacebuilding Commission, established in 2005 to improve the management of UN peace operations worldwide, was inaugurated in June 2006 and convened country-specific meetings on the situations in Sierra Leone and Burundi in October and December. The Secretary-General took steps to establish the Peacebuilding Support Office to assist and support the Commission, as well as the Peacebuilding Fund to support peacebuilding activities that directly contributed to the stabilization of countries emerging from conflict. The General Assembly proclaimed 2009 the International Year of Reconciliation and invited Governments and international and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to support reconciliation processes among societies affected and/or divided by conflicts. Acts of international terrorism continued unabated in 2006, including deadly attacks in Egypt, India and Iraq. In a series of statements, the Security Council condemned those attacks, underlined the need to bring the planners and perpetrators to justice, and urged States to fulfil their obligation to combat terrorism. In other action, the Council adopted further measures against Al-Qaida, the Taliban and their associates, and the General Assembly called on Member States to support international efforts to prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery. In April, the Secretary-General, acting in response to the 2005 World Summit Outcome, submitted recommendations for the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy to strengthen the capacity of the UN system to assist States in combating terrorism and enhance the coordination of UN counter-terrorism activities. The Assembly adopted the Strategy in September. The United Nations continued to improve the management and operation of its peacekeeping missions. Following up on the recommendations contained in the 2005 report of the Secretary-General's Adviser on Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by United Nations Peacekeepers, the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) developed a comprehensive strategy on sexual exploitation and abuse by UN peacekeeping personnel aimed at preventing misconduct, enforcing UN standards of conduct and taking remedial action. DPKO also created a multidisciplinary conduct and discipline team at DPKO headquarters, in addition to teams established in Burundi, Côte d'Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Haiti, Liberia, Sierra Leone, the Sudan and Timor-Leste, to develop policy, provide oversight of disciplinary issues and ensure the coherent application of UN standards of conduct. In May, the Secretary-General submitted to the Assembly President a draft policy statement and draft comprehensive strategy on assistance and support to victims of sexual exploitation and abuse by UN staff and related personnel. In December, the High-level Conference on Eliminating Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by UN and NGO Personnel issued the Statement of Commitment on Eliminating Sexual Exploitation, by which senior leaders of UN and non-UN entities reaffirmed their determination to prevent and respond to acts of sexual exploitation and abuse by their personnel. The Organization maintained 12 political and peacebuilding missions and offices and 15 peacekeeping operations in 2006. At year's end, a record 99,355 uniformed and civilian personnel were serving in the field, compared to 85,000 in 2005. The financial position of UN peacekeeping operations improved in 2006; expenditures increased to $4,582.8 million, compared to $4,074.3 million in 2005, a 12.5 per cent increase, mainly attributable to the full-year impact of the United Nations Mission in the Sudan and the expansion of operations in Côte d'Ivoire, the DRC, and Haiti. Unpaid assessed contributions amounted to $1.3 billion, compared to $1.7 billion the previous year.
UN - UN. General Assembly - UN. Security Council - UN. Peacebuilding Commission - UN. Security Council Committee Established pursuant to Resolution 1373 (2001) concerning Counter-Terrorism - Kimberley Process - INTERNATIONAL SECURITY - PEACEMAKING - PEACEBUILDING - PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS - PREVENTIVE DIPLOMACY - SPECIAL MISSIONS - FINANCING - BUDGET - COUNTER-TERRORISM - CONFLICT DIAMONDS - NATURAL RESOURCES
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2006. v. 60; Vol. 60
This item appears in the following Collection(s)