Yearbook of the United Nations, 2006. Part 1, Political and security questions. Chapter 3, Americas
During 2006, the United Nations continued to advance the cause of lasting peace, human rights, sustainable development and the rule of law in the Americas. In Guatemala, following the 2005 establishment of a joint UN office for monitoring and reporting human rights in the country, the Government and the United Nations signed, in December 2006, an agreement to create an International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala. Although the political and security situation in Haiti remained challenging, significant progress was made in the democratic process, with the holding of successful national, municipal and local elections. With the support of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) and the Organization of American States (OAS ), presidential and legislative elections were held in February and April, and municipal and local elections in December, in a relatively calm manner. The new Government launched its long-term agenda for the modernization of the State and economic rebirth, as well as plans for improving living conditions in Haiti and reforming the Haitian National Police (HNP). In response to a request by the President for development support, a high-level delegation from the Caribbean Community (Caricom) visited Haiti and discussed prospects for the full integration of the country into that organization, including the common market. Despite the political progress achieved, the security situation in the country remained precarious. Demonstrations, outbreaks of violence and attacks by armed groups, particularly against MINUSTAH and HNP continued, and in some areas, increased. The Mission's mandate was expanded to accommodate its post-electoral role in Haiti, which related to HNP reform, ensuring a safe and stable environment and strengthening State institutions. In November, the HNP started the vetting process to assess the professional skills and disciplinary background of police officers. MINUSTAH supported the training and institutional development of the police. By year's end, some 10,650 HNP officers and civilian employees had been registered within a UN police database, which would also serve HNP. In other developments in the region, the General Assembly again called on States to refrain from promulgating laws and measures, such as the ongoing embargo against Cuba by the United States. The Assembly also considered activities undertaken by the United Nations to strengthen cooperation with Caricom and OAS .
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2006. v. 60; Vol. 60
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