Yearbook of the United Nations, 2006. Part 1, Political and security questions. Chapter 8, Other political and security questions
The United Nations continued in 2006 to consider political and security questions relating to its efforts to support democratization worldwide, the promotion of decolonization, the Organization's public information activities and the peaceful uses of outer space. The Sixth International Conference of New or Restored Democracies (October/November) had as its theme “Building capacity for democracy, peace and social progress”. It adopted the Doha Declaration, which, stressing the need for systematic implementation of the recommendations of the Sixth Conference and those that had preceded it, established an advisory board and nucleus secretariat to assist the Sixth Conference's Chair to take measures to guarantee appropriate follow-up. Representatives of Governments, parliaments and civil society committed themselves to strengthening their tripartite partnership within the framework of the International Conferences of New or Restored Democracies process. The Special Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples continued to review progress in implementing the 1960 Declaration, particularly the exercise of self-determination by the remaining Non-Self-Governing Territories. During the year, the Special Committee organized a Pacific regional seminar in Yanuca, Fiji, as part of its efforts to implement the plan of action for the Second International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism (2001-2010). It also sent a Special Mission to the Turks and Caicos Islands, at the invitation of the Territory's Chief Minister, to assess the situation on the ground and provide information on how the UN system could provide development assistance. Following a referendum on 30 November, Gibraltar approved a new constitution. During the year, the New Zealand-administered Territory of Tokelau also held a referendum to determine its future status. While the referendum, observed by a four-member UN mission, failed to result in the two-thirds majority needed for a change in the Territory's status, Tokelau and New Zealand agreed to leave the referendum package on the table; a second referendum would be held in 2007. The Committee on Information continued to review the management and operation of the UN Department of Public Information. At its April/ May/August session it considered reports by the Secretary-General on UN public information products and activities in the four years since the reorientation of the Department in 2002. The Dag Hammarskjöld Library continued to focus on follow-up to the new strategic directions for UN libraries outlined by the Secretary-General in 2005, including an expanded role in improving knowledge sharing and internal communications within the UN Secretariat. Regarding the continued rationalization of the UN information centres network that began with the closure in 2003 of information centres in Western Europe, the Department strengthened the centres in Cairo, Egypt, Mexico City and Pretoria, South Africa, by reallocating three Director-level posts to them. In a December resolution on developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security, the Assembly called on Member States to consider existing and potential threats in the field of information security, requesting the Secretary-General, with the assistance of a group of governmental experts to be established in 2009, to study such threats and possible cooperative measures to address them. On the role of science and technology in the context of international security and disarmament, the Assembly, also in December, encouraged UN bodies, within existing mandates, to promote the application of science and technology for peaceful purposes. The Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space considered the implementation of the recommendations of the Third (1999) United Nations Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space. Its two subcommittees, one of which dealt with scientific and technical matters and the other with legal issues, continued their work. In December, on the Committee's recommendations, the Assembly established the United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response to provide universal access to all countries and relevant international and regional organizations to space-based information and services relevant to disaster management. The United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2006. v. 60; Vol. 60
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