Yearbook of the United Nations, 2006. Part 2, Human Rights. Chapter 3, Human rights country situations
In 2006, human rights situations of concern, particularly regarding alleged violations and how best to assist and guide Governments and national institutions in combating them, were addressed by the General Assembly and the newly established Human Rights Council, as well as by special rapporteurs, the Secretary-General's special representatives and independent experts appointed to examine those situations. A marked escalation of armed conflict in the Darfur region of the Sudan, relations between Israel and Lebanon, and the situation in the occupied Palestinian Territories prompted the Council to convene four special sessions to consider each case. The first and third sessions, held in July and November, respectively, focused on the occupied Palestinian Territories, the second, in August, addressed the situation in Lebanon, and the fourth, in December, considered developments in Darfur. On each occasion, the Council established a high-level mission to assess or investigate the situation and report thereon. As a result of the situation in Lebanon following Israeli military action, the Assembly adopted resolution 61/154 condemning the violence and calling for international assistance to help rebuild the country and rehabilitate the victims. In Myanmar, the Secretary-General's good offices in facilitating national reconciliation and democratization made relative progress, which encouraged the dispatch of a UN mission to the country to assess the situation and determine how to further help achieve an all-inclusive democracy founded on human rights and humanitarian norms. Building on that development, the Assembly, in resolution 61/232, called on the Government to end the systematic violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms and to release all political prisoners promptly and unconditionally, including the National League for Democracy leader, Aung San Suu Kyi, and others, who had been held for many years. In similar action, the Assembly called for an end to violations and other situations of serious concern in Belarus, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and Iran. Also in 2006, the Council, its special procedures and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights strengthened advisory services and technical cooperation for advancing international human rights principles and preventing violations in Afghanistan, Burundi, Cambodia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Somalia and Timor-Leste.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2006. v. 60; Vol. 60
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