Yearbook of the United Nations, 2006. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 1, Development policy and international economic cooperation
The global economy started 2006 on a strong note, with a number of major developed economies rebounding from the notable slowdown in 2005 and many developing countries maintaining the momentum of broad and solid growth. A measurable moderation in global economic growth was expected for the second half of 2006, however, with the annual growth of world gross domestic product at about 3.6 per cent, the same pace as in 2005, and marginally higher than projected at the beginning of the year. A number of downside risks were expected to weigh on the economy, namely large global imbalances, persistently higher oil prices, the cooling off in the housing sector in a number of countries and rising interest rates worldwide. With uneven progress in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), adopted by the General Assembly in 2000, and staggering levels of human deprivation, the Organization continued, in 2006, to focus on the global development agenda. Highlighting the nexus between achieving the MDGs and global economic stability and prosperity, the Secretary-General's High-level Panel on UN system-wide coherence in the areas of development, humanitarian assistance and the environment proposed a series of reforms to enable the UN system to deliver better on the promises made in the 2000 Millennium Declaration, and reaffirmed in the 2005 World Summit Outcome. During the year, the General Assembly convened a high-level meeting on the midterm comprehensive global review of the implementation of the Programme of Action for the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) for the Decade 2001-2010. In the Declaration adopted by the meeting, the Assembly reaffirmed that the Programme of Action, adopted at the Third United Nations Conference on LDCs in 2001, constituted a fundamental framework for a strong global partnership whose goal was to accelerate sustained economic growth, sustainable development and poverty eradication in the LDCs. For its part, the Economic and Social Council, during its high-level segment, considered the theme “creating an environment at the national and international levels conducive to generating full and productive employment and decent work for all, and its impact on sustainable development”. The Council's coordination segment was devoted to the issue of sustained economic growth for social development, including the eradication of poverty and hunger. In other development-related activities, the international community observed the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty and welcomed the observance of the International Year of Microcredit, 2005. Requesting the submission of a comprehensive evaluation of the implementation of the first UN Decade for the Eradication of Poverty (19972006) at its 2007 session, the Assembly recognized the contribution of the first UN Decade and noted interest in the proclamation of a second UN decade for the eradication of poverty. Arising from the need to link the outcomes of the 2005 World Summit on the Information Society with the broader UN development agenda, the Secretary-General, in March, launched the Global Alliance for Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and Development to build on the work of the ICT Task Force, whose four-year mandate expired at the end of 2005. In other follow-up action to the World Summit, the United Nations Chief Executives Board endorsed the establishment of the United Nations Group on the Information Society. The Economic and Social Council decided to enlarge the membership of the Commission on Science and Technology for Development by including ten new members The Commission on Sustainable Development, in overseeing the follow-up to the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development, which reviewed progress in implementing Agenda 21, the action plan on sustainable development adopted by the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, focused on the thematic cluster of energy for sustainable development, industrial development, air pollution/atmosphere and climate change. It also reviewed progress in the implementation of the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States and the Mauritius Strategy for the Further Implementation of the Programme of Action. Regarding other countries in special situations, the Assembly decided to conduct a midterm review, in 2008, of the Almaty Programme of Action, adopted in 2003 by the International Ministerial Conference of Landlocked and Transit Developing Countries and Donor Countries and International Finance and Development Institutions on Transit Transport Cooperation.
UN - UN. General Assembly - UN. Economic and Social Council - UN System - Millennium Development Goals - UN. Committee for Development Policy - ECONOMIC COOPERATION - SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - DEVELOPMENT - POVERTY MITIGATION - SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY - ECONOMIC TRENDS - PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION - DEVELOPMENT POLICY - LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES - ISLANDS - LANDLOCKED STATES - LANDLOCKED DEVELOPING COUNTRIES - ECONOMIES IN TRANSITION - DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2006. v. 60; Vol. 60
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