Yearbook of the United Nations, 2006. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 3, Humanitarian and special economic assistance
In 2006, the United Nations, through the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), continued to mobilize and coordinate humanitarian assistance to respond to international emergencies. During the year, consolidated inter-agency appeals were launched for Burundi, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the Great Lakes region, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, the Horn of Africa, Kenya, Lebanon, Liberia, Nepal, the Occupied Palestinian Territory, Somalia, the Sudan, Timor-Leste, Uganda, West Africa and Zimbabwe. OCHA received contributions for natural disaster assistance totaling $257.3 million. The Ad Hoc Advisory Groups on Burundi, Guinea-Bissau and Haiti continued to develop long-term programmes of support for those countries. Due to progress made in Burundi and the Ad Hoc Group's conclusion that the situation in the country would be better addressed by the newly established Peacebuilding Commission, the Economic and Social Council terminated the mandate of the Ad Hoc Advisory Group in Burundi. Efforts continued to implement the Hyogo Declaration and the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015, the 10-year plan for reducing disaster risks, adopted at the World Conference on Disaster Reduction in 2005. In line with the Framework, activities were also undertaken to strengthen the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. Further progress was made in the development and implementation of the Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System. During the year, the Economic and Social Council considered ways to strengthen UN humanitarian assistance coordination by implementing improved humanitarian response at all levels, including strengthening capacity, with particular attention to recent humanitarian emergencies. Implementation of the humanitarian reform agenda, which was initiated in late 2005, advanced following the Humanitarian Response Review. OCHA established the Humanitarian Reform Support Unit to support Humanitarian Coordinators, field teams and agencies in driving forward the reform agenda. The year witnessed the launch of the “cluster leadership approach”, an initiative whereby humanitarian clusters or groups of humanitarian organizations and stakeholders worked together to enhance the effectiveness of response, as well as the Central Emergency Response Fund, an upgraded cash-flow mechanism for the initial phase of humanitarian emergencies. The High-level Panel on UN System wide Coherence in the areas of development, humanitarian assistance and the environment, established in response to the 2005 World Summit Outcome, presented a report entitled, “Delivering as one”, which included recommendations relevant to the humanitarian reform agenda.
UN - UN. General Assembly - UN. Economic and Social Council - UN System - UN. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs - HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE - DISASTER RELIEF - DISASTER PREVENTION - DISASTER PREPAREDNESS - NATURAL DISASTERS - COORDINATION WITHIN UN SYSTEM - ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE - MINE CLEARANCE - RESOURCES MOBILIZATION
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2006. v. 60; Vol. 60
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