Yearbook of the United Nations, 2006. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 8, Population
In 2006, world population reached 6.6 billion, as compared with 6.5 billion in 2005, and was projected to reach 9 billion by 2050. UN population activities continued to be guided, in 2006, by the Programme of Action adopted at the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) and the key actions for its further implementation adopted at the twenty-first special session of the General Assembly in 1999. The Commission on Population and Development, the body responsible for monitoring, reviewing and assessing the implementation of the Programme of Action, considered as its special theme “International migration and development”. The Population Division continued to analyse and report on world demographic trends and policies and to make its findings available in publications and on the Internet. The General Assembly, in September, held the first High-level Dialogue on International Migration and Development to discuss the multidimensional aspects of the phenomenon and identify ways to maximize its developmental benefits and minimize its negative impacts. Participants agreed that international migration could be a positive force for development in both countries of origin and destination, provided that it was supported by the right policies. Several meetings were organized in preparation for the Dialogue and to follow up on its conclusions. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) continued to assist countries in implementing the ICPD agenda and the Millennium Development Goals. In 2006, UNFPA provided assistance to 154 countries and territories, with special emphasis on increasing the availability and quality of reproductive health services, fighting gender discrimination and violence, formulating effective population policies and intensifying HIV prevention.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2006. v. 60; Vol. 60
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