Yearbook of the United Nations, 2006. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 14, International drug control
In 2006, United Nations efforts to strengthen international cooperation in countering the world drug problem were conducted mainly through the work of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, the International Narcotic Control Board (INCB) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Drug control activities throughout the UN system focused, in particular, on carrying out the 1999 Action Plan for the Implementation of the Declaration on the Guiding Principles of Drug Demand Reduction, which served as a guide for Member States in adopting strategies and programmes for reducing illicit drug demand in order to achieve significant results by 2008. UNODC coordinated the drug control activities of UN organizations and delivered technical assistance and knowledge-based expertise to Member States. As the custodian of international conventions to counter the world drug problem, it assisted States in complying with the provisions of those conventions and supported INCB in monitoring their implementation. Throughout 2006, UNODC enhanced its policy dialogue with financial stakeholders, expanded its partnership network and continued to improve data and analysis made available to States and to strengthen the international drug control system through its global programmes and regional and country projects. The Office increased support for alternative development programmes and initiated activities aimed at mainstreaming efforts to combat illicit crop cultivation, including development-oriented drug control interventions within broader development programmes. The Commission on Narcotic Drugs—the main UN policy-making body dealing with drug control— recommended a number of draft resolutions to the Economic and Social Council and adopted resolutions on the follow-up to the General Assembly's twentieth (1998) special session on countering the world drug problem, the implementation of international drug control treaties, demand reduction and the prevention of drug abuse, and illicit drug trafficking and supply. In July, the Council urged Governments to contribute to maintaining a balance between the licit supply of and demand for opiate raw materials for medical and scientific needs and to preventing the proliferation of sources of production of opiate raw materials. It emphasized the importance of mainstreaming alternative development into national and international development strategies and called upon States to adopt policies that promoted international cooperation, including in the area of alternative development, and to share their experience and expertise in the eradication of illicit crops. Noting the increased illicit cultivation of opium poppy in Afghanistan, the Council urged that country to maintain drug control among its highest priorities and to enhance regional cooperation. It welcomed the bilateral and multilateral support provided by the international community and its commitment to the development and reconstruction of Afghanistan. The Council also called upon States to combat the traffic in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, in accordance with the Baku Accord on Regional Cooperation against Illicit Drugs and Related Matters: a Vision for the Twenty-first Century. In December, the Assembly adopted a resolution on international cooperation against the world drug problem, which addressed guiding principles; international conventions; implementation of the outcome of the twentieth special session; demand reduction; international cooperation in illicit crop eradication and alternative development; illicit synthetic drugs; judicial cooperation; data collection; countering money-laundering; and the UN drug control machinery. INCB reviewed the implementation of alternative development programmes, highlighting best practices and models for increasing their effectiveness. It continued to oversee the implementation of the three major international drug control conventions, analyse the drug situation worldwide and draw the attention of Governments to weaknesses in national control and treaty compliance, making suggestions and recommendations for improvements at the national and international levels.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2006. v. 60; Vol. 60
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