Yearbook of the United Nations, 2007. Part 1, Political and security questions. Chapter 3, Americas
During 2007, the United Nations continued to advance the cause of lasting peace, human rights, sustainable development and the rule of law in the Americas. To that end, the International Commission against Impunity was established in Guatemala in the course of the year, pursuant to a 2006 agreement between the Government and the United Nations. In Haiti, despite continuing challenges relating to the political and security situation, progress was made with the Parliament's adoption in January of the State budget and necessary legislation, and with municipal and local elections held in April with the support of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH). In other action to stabilize the country, the Government launched campaigns against corruption and drug trafficking, established a committee on judicial reform and adopted in December three key laws designed to strengthen the judiciary. Despite those gains, the relationship between the Government and Parliament did not improve and, as at year's end, the political situation remained fragile owing mainly to continuing political divisions, weak State institutions and the lack of improvement in the difficult living conditions of the people. Further tensions resulted from a deterioration in security conditions, including a rise in the number of kidnappings. Also of major concern in that regard were the activities of gangs and anti-Government demonstrations in protest of the rising cost of living, which prompted a series of joint security operations by the Haitian National Police (HNP) and MINUSTAH to restore State authority. While progress was maintained towards strengthening HNP, with MINUSTAH support, the national police capacity remained below the level required to ensure law and order in the country. Against that background, MINUSTAH conducted, in the course of the year, a detailed threat assessment and identified three security risks facing Haiti, among them, the likelihood of civil unrest owing mostly to a deep socio-economic divide, a considerable potential for renewed armed violence within the country and illicit traffic in drugs, arms and contraband, which would continue to corrupt State institutions. In line with the recommendations made by the Secretary-General following his August visit to Haiti, the Mission's military component was reconfigured to reflect the changing circumstances and priorities, which included enhancement of its capabilities in border control, engineering and mobility, while decreasing its infantry capabilities. Reflecting on other developments in the region, the General Assembly again called on States to refrain from promulgating laws and measures such as the ongoing embargo against Cuba by the United States.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2007. v. 61; Vol. 61
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