Yearbook of the United Nations, 2007. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 3, Humanitarian and special economic assistance
In 2007, the United Nations, through the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), continued to mobilize and coordinate humanitarian assistance in response to international emergencies. During the year, consolidated and flash appeals were launched for Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Burundi, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Dominican Republic, Ghana, the Great Lakes Region, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Pakistan, the Occupied Palestinian Territory, Peru, Somalia, the Sudan, Swaziland, Timor-Leste, Uganda, the West Africa subregion, Zambia and Zimbabwe. OCHA received contributions for natural disaster assistance totalling $821.3 million. The Ad Hoc Advisory Groups on Guinea-Bissau and Haiti continued to develop long-term programmes of support for those countries. To promote progress, the Ad Hoc Advisory Group on Guinea-Bissau invited the Economic and Social Council to consider placing the country on the agenda of the Peacebuilding Commission. Efforts continued to implement the Hyogo Declaration and the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015, the 10-year plan for reducing disaster risks adopted at the World Conference on Disaster Reduction in 2005. In line with the Framework, activities were undertaken to strengthen the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. The Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction, established as the successor to the Inter Agency Task Force on Disaster Reduction, held its first session in June, and in September the Secretary-General issued a report on the global survey of early warning systems. Further progress was also made in the development and implementation of the Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System. During the year, the Economic and Social Council considered ways to strengthen UN humanitarian assistance coordination by implementing improved humanitarian response at all levels, with particular attention to recent humanitarian emergencies. Implementation of the humanitarian reform agenda advanced, with the Humanitarian Reform Support Unit providing support to humanitarian coordinators, field teams and agencies. An evaluation of the “cluster leadership approach” identified the achievements gained and challenges faced in its implementation. The Central Emergency Response Fund continued to allow for the rapid provision of assistance to populations affected by sudden-onset disasters and underfunded emergencies. International efforts to address the consequences of the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear accident and promote recovery of the disaster continued. In February, Russian tennis player Maria Sharapova, whose family had roots in Belarus, one of the Chernobyl-affected countries, was appointed as a United Nations Development Programme Goodwill Ambassador.
UN - UN. General Assembly - UN. Economic and Social Council - UN System - UN. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs - HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE - DISASTER RELIEF - DISASTER PREVENTION - DISASTER PREPAREDNESS - NATURAL DISASTERS - COORDINATION WITHIN UN SYSTEM - ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE - MINE CLEARANCE - RESOURCES MOBILIZATION
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2007. v. 61; Vol. 61
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