Yearbook of the United Nations, 2007. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 8, Population
For the first time in history, by the end of 2007, more than 3.3 billion people—half of the world's population— were living in urban areas. That number was expected to swell to almost 5 billion by 2030, with most of the growth occurring in developing countries. The urban population of Africa and Asia was expected to double between 2000 and 2030, whereas that of the developed countries was projected to grow relatively little, from 870 million to 1.01 billion. UN population activities continued to be guided, in 2007, by the Programme of Action adopted at the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) and the key actions for its implementation adopted at the twenty-first special session of the General Assembly in 1999. The Commission on Population and Development, the body responsible for monitoring, reviewing and assessing the implementation of the Programme of Action, considered as its special theme “Changing age structures of population and their implications for development”. The Population Division continued to analyse and report on world demographic trends and policies and to make its findings available in publications and on the Internet. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) assisted countries in implementing the ICPD agenda and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) through their use of population data to formulate sound policies and programmes. In 2007, UNFPA provided assistance to 159 countries and territories, with special emphasis on increasing the availability and quality of reproductive health services, fighting gender discrimination, formulating effective population policies and intensifying HIV prevention.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2007. v. 61; Vol. 61
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