Yearbook of the United Nations, 2007. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 10, Women
In 2007, United Nations efforts to advance the status of women worldwide continued to be guided by the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, adopted at the Fourth (1995) World Conference on Women, and the outcome of the General Assembly's twenty-third (2000) special session, which reviewed progress in their implementation (Beijing+5). The Secretary-General decided to spearhead a multi-year system-wide campaign to eliminate violence against women and girls through 2015, coinciding with the target date of the Millennium Development Goals, and the Assembly adopted three resolutions addressing violence against women, including sexual violence and violence against migrant workers. The Assembly also adopted resolutions on the girl child, ending obstetric fistula, women in development and the situation of women in rural areas, and proclaimed 15 October as the International Day of Rural Women. On the issue of women, peace and security, the Security Council urged the Secretary-General to appoint more women as special representatives and envoys. Attention also focused on rape and sexual violence in armed conflict. In March, 12 UN system entities launched the “United Nations Action against Sexual Violence in Conflict”. Progress was achieved in gender mainstreaming with the establishment by the United Nations Inter-Agency Network on Women of an ad hoc working group, which would facilitate efforts to develop a system-wide action plan to operationalize the policy and strategy on gender mainstreaming endorsed in 2006 by the Chief Executives Board for Coordination. In April, the Secretary-General issued a report on the 2006 recommendations of the High-level Panel on UN System-wide Coherence, including the proposed new UN gender architecture, and suggested ways to take forward intergovernmental consideration of the Panel's report. At its fifty-first session in March, the Commission on the Status of Women convened high-level panel discussions and adopted agreed conclusions on the elimination of all forms of discrimination and violence against the girl child, which was the priority theme of the session. The Commission recommended to the Economic and Social Council for adoption a draft resolution on assistance to Palestinian women. It also adopted resolutions on women, the girl child and HIV/aids; ending female genital mutilation; and the forced marriage of the girl child. Informal discussions were held on the role of men and boys in achieving gender equality and financing for gender equality and the empowerment of women. The United Nations Development Fund for Women continued to focus on the implementation of its multi year funding framework, which targeted goals in four key areas: feminized poverty, violence against women, HIV/aids, and gender equality and democratic governance. Efforts to enlarge and diversify its regular resource base were successful and the Fund exceeded its target in regular resources for 2007, reaching $44 million, nearly double the 2004 total. In December, the General Assembly decided on the terms of office of the Consultative Committee for the Fund with a view to maintaining its institutional memory. The United Nations continued to strengthen and revitalize the International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women. The Executive Board took decisions to enhance the Institute's strategic framework for the period 2008-2011. Although projected income for the 2006-2007 biennium was sufficient to cover projected expenditures through 31 December, the financial situation of the Institute remained precarious. In October, the Executive Board presented solutions for securing sustained resources to fund core activities and placing the Institute's financial situation on a more stable basis.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2007. v. 61; Vol. 61
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