Yearbook of the United Nations, 2007. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 14, International drug control
In 2007, the United Nations continued to strengthen international cooperation to counter the world drug problem, mainly through the activities of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Those activities focused, in particular, on carrying out the 1999 Action Plan for the Implementation of the Declaration on the Guiding Principles of Drug Demand Reduction, which served as a guide for Member States in adopting strategies and programmes for reducing illicit drug demand in order to achieve significant results by 2008. UNODC provided technical assistance, legal advice and research to the main UN drug control policy-making bodies and Member States, assisted States in implementing the provisions of the international drug control conventions and supported INCB in monitoring their implementation. It also supported States in illicit crop monitoring and alternative development programmes within the framework of poverty reduction and sustainable development strategies, and promoted a holistic approach to drug control, with a view to improving the health and welfare, and economic development in regions dependent on drug crops. It increased its support for drug prevention, treatment and rehabilitation, helped to establish drug control agencies, build border posts, strengthen the judiciary and improve interdiction measures. The Commission on Narcotic Drugs—the main UN policy-making body dealing with drug control— recommended a number of draft resolutions to the Economic and Social Council and adopted resolutions on the follow-up to the General Assembly's twentieth (1998) special session on countering the world drug problem, implementation of the international drug control treaties, demand reduction and the prevention of drug abuse, illicit drug trafficking and supply, and administrative and budgetary matters. In July, the Council urged Governments to help maintain a balance between the licit supply of and demand for opiate raw materials used for medical and scientific purposes and to prevent the proliferation of sources of production of opiate raw materials. It emphasized the importance of UNODC and other relevant intergovernmental organizations carrying out training programmes to support the adoption of sound methods and the harmonization of indicators used for providing statistics on drug use, and approved the UNODC 2008-2011 strategy. Recognizing the need to intensify efforts for eliminating opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan, in accordance with that country's National Drug Control Strategy, the Council called upon Afghanistan to strengthen its counter-narcotic programmes, encouraged the international community to support the implementation of the Strategy, and called upon States and international organizations to provide additional financial resources and technical assistance. In December, the Assembly adopted a resolution on international cooperation against the world drug problem that addressed follow-up to the twentieth special session and action by the UN system. It recognized that positive results could be achieved through sustained and collective efforts and reaffirmed that there should be a balanced approach between demand and supply reduction. INCB reviewed the implementation of alternative development programmes, highlighting best practices and models for increasing their effectiveness. It continued to oversee the implementation of the three major international drug control conventions, analyse the drug situation worldwide and draw the attention of Governments to weaknesses in national control and treaty compliance, making suggestions and recommendations for improvements at the national and international levels.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2007. v. 61; Vol. 61
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