Yearbook of the United Nations, 2008. Part 1, Political and security questions. Chapter 3, Americas
During 2008, the United Nations continued to advance the cause of lasting peace, human rights, sustainable development and the rule of law in the Americas. In Guatemala, the newly established International Commission against Impunity continued to implement its mandate. In October, the Secretary-General provided the General Assembly with an update on the current state and activities of the Commission, and the UN role in the implementation of its mandate. In Haiti, continuing challenges relating to the political and security situation hampered progress in the democratic process. In February, internal tensions between the Government and Parliament culminated in Prime Minister Jacques-Edouard Alexis' being summoned to appear before the Chamber of Deputies to respond to questions on the high cost of living, security, justice reform and the development of the country's agriculture. In April, six days of increasingly violent demonstrations in various parts of the country against the high cost of living and increasing cost of basic food commodities exemplified the potential for civil unrest. The United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) assisted the Haitian National Police in responding to the security crisis. Nonetheless, the disturbances subsequently led to a vote of censure against the Government of Prime Minister Alexis, which left Haiti without a fully functioning Government for over four months. In August and September, a series of hurricanes and storms struck Haiti, exacerbating an already dire humanitarian situation arising from the food insecurity crisis. Over 800,000 Haitians lost their homes or were directly affected by the disasters. The need to address the problems posed by the hurricanes helped resolve the political standoff and generated a new sense of solidarity. The confirmation process for a new Government was concluded in September and the new Prime Minister was sworn into office. Subsequently, the houses of Parliament passed a law allowing the President to declare a state of emergency and establish a system of flexible disbursement of national funds to assist affected populations. MINUSTAH provided extensive support to the authorities and the UN country team to facilitate the provision and coordination of humanitarian assistance and access by humanitarian personnel. The Mission also continued to support the training and institutional development of the police. In December, further progress was achieved with the adoption of a legislative agenda for 2009 and the issuance of a decree by the President, together with the new Prime Minister and members of her Government, setting the first and second rounds of the partial senatorial elections for 19 April and 7 June 2009. In other developments in the region, the General Assembly again called on States to refrain from promulgating laws and measures such as the ongoing embargo against Cuba by the United States. The Assembly also considered activities undertaken by the United Nations to strengthen cooperation with the Caribbean Community.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2008. v. 62; Vol. 62
This item appears in the following Collection(s)