Yearbook of the United Nations, 2008. Part 1, Political and security questions. Chapter 8, Other political and security questions
In 2008, the United Nations continued to address political and security questions relating to its support for democratization worldwide, the promotion of decolonization, and the peaceful uses of outer space, as well as the Organization's public information activities. In February, the General Assembly received the text of the Bamako Consensus on “Democracy, Development and Poverty Reduction”, adopted by the Fourth Ministerial Conference of the Community of Democracies in November 2006. Conference participants committed to the enhancement of democratic governance in all regions and to upholding the conclusions of previous Ministerial Conferences. They also decided to establish a permanent secretariat in Warsaw, Poland. The Special Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples continued to review progress in implementing the 1960 Declaration, particularly the exercise of self-determination by the remaining Non-Self-Governing Territories. During the year, the Special Committee organized a Pacific regional seminar in Bandung, Indonesia, as part of its efforts to implement the plan of action for the Second International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism (2001–2010). Territories under review by the Special Committee included the Falkland Islands (Malvinas), Gibraltar, New Caledonia, Tokelau and Western Sahara. The Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space considered the implementation of the recommendations of the Third (1999) United Nations Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNISPACE iii) and welcomed the link between the work on UNISPACE iii and that of the Commission on Sustainable Development. There was progress in the implementation of the United Nations Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response (UN-spider). The Committee set forth guidelines for selecting and setting up regional UN-spider offices. In December, the Assembly endorsed the recommendations of the Committee. The United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation held its fifty-sixth session in Vienna in July. It considered reports on sources of radiation exposure, the 1986 Chernobyl accident and effects on non-human biota. In a December resolution on developments in information and telecommunications in the context of international security, the Assembly called on Member States to promote consideration of existing and potential threats in the field of information security, as well as possible measures to limit emerging threats. The Committee on Information considered UN information policies and activities and reviewed the management and operation of the UN Department of Public Information (DPI). During the year, DPI highlighted UN priority issues in the areas of peace and security, development and human rights, and promoted the sixtieth anniversaries of United Nations peacekeeping and of the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2008. v. 62; Vol. 62
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