Yearbook of the United Nations, 2008. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 3, Humanitarian and special economic assistance
In 2008, the United Nations, through the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), continued to mobilize and coordinate humanitarian assistance to respond to international emergencies. During the year, consolidated inter-agency and flash appeals were launched for Bolivia, the Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Georgia, Haiti, Honduras, Iraq, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Madagascar, Myanmar, the Occupied Palestinian Territory, Somalia, Southern Africa, the Sudan, Tajikistan, Uganda, West Africa, Yemen and Zimbabwe. OCHA received contributions for natural disaster assistance totalling $1.4 billion. The Ad Hoc Advisory Groups on Guinea-Bissau and Haiti continued to develop long-term programmes of support for those countries. Due to progress made in Guinea-Bissau, and following the corresponding Group's recommendation, the Economic and Social Council terminated that Group's mandate in July. In other development activities, the General Assembly held a high-level meeting on Africa's development needs in September and adopted a political declaration on the topic. In 2008, some 354 disasters associated with natural hazards, such as earthquakes, floods, cyclones and droughts, caused 235,264 deaths and affected approximately 214 million people. The cost of natural disasters was estimated at $190 billion in economic damages. The relative economic impact of disasters was greatest in low and middle-income countries. Efforts continued to implement the Hyogo Declaration and the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005–2015, the 10-year plan for reducing disaster risks, adopted at the World Conference on Disaster Reduction in 2005. Preparations were under way for the second session of the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction scheduled for 2009. During the year, the Economic and Social Council considered ways to strengthen United Nations humanitarian assistance coordination by implementing improved humanitarian response at all levels. Implementation of the humanitarian reform agenda advanced with the launch of the cluster approach in five new sudden-onset emergencies. The Central Emergency Response Fund continued to allow for the rapid provision of assistance to populations affected by sudden-onset disasters and underfunded emergencies.
UN - UN. General Assembly - UN. Economic and Social Council - UN System - UN. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs - HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE - DISASTER RELIEF - DISASTER PREVENTION - DISASTER PREPAREDNESS - NATURAL DISASTERS - COORDINATION WITHIN UN SYSTEM - ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE - WHITE HELMETS - RESOURCES MOBILIZATION
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2008. v. 62; Vol. 62
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