Yearbook of the United Nations, 2008. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 7, Environment and human settlements
In 2008, the United Nations and the international community continued to work towards protecting the environment through legally binding instruments and the activities of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The tenth special session of the UNEP Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environment Forum discussed the emerging policy themes of globalization and the environment—mobilizing finance to meet the climate challenge, and international environmental governance and UN reform. The Executive Director developed the UNEP Medium-term Strategy 2010–2013, which set out the vision and strategic direction for UNEP activities for that period. The Council authorized the Executive Director to use the Strategy in formulating the strategic frameworks and programmes of work and budgets for the 2010–2011 and 2012–2013 periods. In October, the Executive Director submitted the final review of the first UNEP long-term Tunza strategy (2003–2008) for engaging young people in environmental issues, and proposed a second long-term strategy (2009–2014). In February, the General Assembly held a thematic debate on “Addressing Climate Change: The United Nations and the World at Work”. The UNEP Governing Council invited the Economic and Social Council to consider a proposal for proclaiming an international decade for addressing climate change for the 2010–2020 period. In a decision on the sustainable development of the Arctic region, the Governing Council requested the Governments of Arctic States and other stakeholders to implement measures to facilitate adaptation to climate change, including by indigenous communities. The twenty-eighth session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, held in April in Budapest, Hungary, decided to produce a fifth assessment report on climate change, to be finalized in 2014. A global strategy was initiated to follow up on the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, which was completed in 2005. In August, the Secretary-General recommended the establishment of the Eastern Mediterranean Oil Spill Restoration Trust Fund. The Fund would provide assistance and support to the States adversely affected by the oil slick that resulted from the destruction by Israel of oil storage tanks in Lebanon in 2006, following the outbreak of hostilities between Israel and the paramilitary group Hizbullah. The General Assembly established the Fund in December. The ninth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, which took place in May in Bonn, Germany, adopted a roadmap for negotiating an international regime for access to and sharing the benefits of genetic resources. The United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) continued to support the implementation of the 1996 Habitat Agenda and the Millennium Development Goals. A new Global Campaign for Sustainable Urbanization merged two previous campaigns on secure tenure and urban governance, and addressed the adaptation and mitigation challenges of climate change. In December, the UN-Habitat Committee of Permanent Representatives endorsed an action plan for implementing the 2008–2013 Medium-term Strategic and Institutional Plan.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2008. v. 62; Vol. 62
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