Yearbook of the United Nations, 2008. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 9, Social policy, crime prevention and human resources development
In 2008, the United Nations continued to promote social, cultural and human resources development, and to strengthen its crime prevention and criminal justice programme. The Commission for Social Development, in February, again considered as its priority theme “Promoting full employment and decent work for all”. It also reviewed UN plans and programmes of action pertaining to the situation of social groups and discussed the issue of incorporating disability in the development agenda. In December, the General Assembly—having considered the implementation of the Copenhagen Declaration on Social Development and the Programme of Action, adopted at the 1995 World Summit for Social Development, and further initiatives for social development adopted at its twenty-fourth (2000) special session—recognized the relevance of the Declaration on Social Justice for a Fair Globalization, adopted by the International Labour Organization in June to promote an integrated approach to the decent work agenda and respond to the growing challenges of globalization. In July, the Economic and Social Council, following discussions on the promotion of full employment and decent work for all, reaffirmed the issue's central importance to poverty eradication and social integration and requested members of the UN system and financial institutions to integrate the goals of full and productive employment and decent work for all in their policies, programmes and activities. With regard to persons with disabilities, UN bodies continued to monitor the implementation of the 1982 World Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons and the 1993 Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities. The 2006 Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities entered into force on 3 May. In July, the Council renewed the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on Disability of the Commission for Social Development until 31 December 2011. In the area of cultural development, the Assembly, in December, invited Member States to promote a culture of peace and non-violence, and, following a two-day high-level meeting on a culture of peace, affirmed that mutual understanding and inter-religious dialogue constituted important dimensions of the dialogue among civilizations and of the culture of peace. In other action, the Assembly urged States and the UN system to foster peace and accelerate the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals through sport-based initiatives, and to promote the integration of sport for development and peace in the development agenda. In April, the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice considered, among other things, the preparations for the Twelfth (2010) United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice; protection against trafficking in cultural property; strengthening prevention of urban crime; and international cooperation in preventing and combating illicit international trafficking in forest products, including timber, wildlife and other forest biological resources. It also held a thematic discussion on aspects of violence against women. The Assembly, in December, urged Governments to criminalize trafficking in persons in all its forms, and encouraged Member States that had not yet done so to ratify or accede to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children. The Assembly also condemned corruption in all its forms and urged Governments to combat and penalize corruption and to enhance international cooperation. As to human resources development, the Assembly recognized that a renewed collective commitment would be needed to meet the objectives of the International Plan of Action for the United Nations Literacy Decade (2003–2012). It called on Member States to give literacy higher priority within their educational planning and budgeting, and to devise strategies for reaching groups disproportionately affected by illiteracy. The Assembly proclaimed 2011 the International Year of Chemistry.
UN - UN. Economic and Social Council - UN. General Assembly - UN. Commission for Social Development - UN Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice - SOCIAL POLICY - CRIME PREVENTION - PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES - ORGANIZED CRIME - TRANSNATIONAL CRIME - CULTURAL COOPERATION - LANGUAGES - HUMAN RESOURCES - TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2008. v. 62; Vol. 62
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