Yearbook of the United Nations, 2008. Part 5, Institutional, administrative and budgetary questions. Chapter 1, United Nations restructuring and institutional matters
In 2008, the Secretary-General continued to work with the UN system and Member States to further enhance system-wide coherence in the areas of development, humanitarian assistance and the environment, and to support progress toward reaching internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals. A review of the lessons learned from the first year of experience of the eight “Delivering as one” pilot countries resulted in the issuance of a summary statement on the way forward. Despite remaining challenges, indicators showed that the process had yielded positive results, which was also reflected in the report of the Co-Chairs on system-wide coherence. The Co-Chairs recommended continued consultations in four priority areas: harmonization of business practices, funding, governance, and gender equality and the empowerment of women, which the General Assembly endorsed in September. The General Assembly's informal working group on mandate review continued to review mandates older than five years, which included the examination of some 331 mandates of the humanitarian assistance and the Africa development clusters. The Working Group submitted its final report in August. The Ad Hoc Working Group on the Revitalization of the General Assembly continued to identify ways to further enhance the Assembly's role, authority, effectiveness and efficiency. The Open-ended Working Group on the Question of Equitable Representation on and Increase in the Membership of the Security Council and Other Matters related to the Security Council considered ways to advance progress on Council reforms. The Assembly continued to focus on administrative and institutional matters. One high-level plenary meeting was convened on the midterm review of the Almaty Programme of Action on landlocked developing countries. A commemorative plenary meeting devoted to the sixtieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was also held. The Security Council held 244 formal meetings to deal with regional conflicts, peacekeeping operations and other issues related to the maintenance of international peace and security. In addition to its organizational and substantive sessions, the Economic and Social Council held a special high-level meeting with the Bretton Woods institutions (the World Bank Group and the International Monetary Fund), the World Trade Organizations and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2008. v. 62; Vol. 62
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