Yearbook of the United Nations, 2009. Part 1, Political and security questions. Chapter 3, Americas
During 2009, the United Nations continued to advance the cause of lasting peace, human rights, good governance and the rule of law in the Americas. In Guatemala, the International Commission against Impunity continued to implement its mandate. In September, the Secretary-General provided the General Assembly with an update on the activities of the Commission, and the UN role in the implementation of its mandate. In Honduras, following a June coup d’etat against President José Manuel Zelaya Rosales, the United Nations, along with the international community, sought a diplomatic solution to the crisis. Both the General Assembly and the Security Council convened meetings on the issue. In October, the Tegucigalpa-San José Accord was signed, which established the Government of National Unity and Reconciliation, and elections in November resulted in Porfirio Lobo Sosa being selected as the country's next President. In Haiti, there were indications of a new readiness among the political leadership to work together. Key legislation was adopted, senatorial elections were conducted in April and June, and by year's end, preparations were under way for future elections. That collaboration, on the other hand, remained fragile. Jean-Max Bellerive was sworn in as Prime Minister in November following a vote of censure against the incumbent. A Security Council mission to the country found that gains were achieved in four of the five benchmarks for the consolidation of stability in Haiti: political dialogue and elections; extension of State authority; strengthening of security; and rule of law and human rights. Social and economic development, however, suffered a marked deterioration. The United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti continued to implement its mandate, including assisting the Haitian National Police in upholding the rule of law and enhancing police capacity. Widespread poverty and unemployment continued to pose a threat to stability. In May, the Secretary-General appointed former United States President William J. Clinton as United Nations Special Envoy for Haiti. In other developments in the region, the General Assembly again called on States to refrain from promulgating laws and measures such as the ongoing embargo against Cuba by the United States.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2009. v. 63; Vol. 63
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