Yearbook of the United Nations, 2009. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 5, Regional economic and social activities
The five UN regional commissions continued in 2009 to provide technical cooperation, including advisory services, to their member States, promote programmes and projects, and provide training to enhance national capacity-building. Three of them held regular sessions during the year—the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), the Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) and the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). The Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) did not meet in 2009, but were scheduled to meet in 2010. The executive secretaries of the commissions held periodic meetings to exchange views and coordinate activities and positions on major development issues. ECA organized its annual session as part of the joint meetings of the African Union Conference of Ministers of Economy and Finance and the ECA Conference of African Ministers of Finance, Planning and Economic Development. The session met in June on the theme “Enhancing the effectiveness of fiscal policy for domestic resource mobilization” and adopted a ministerial statement on a wide range of issues. Meeting in April on the theme “Towards sustainable agriculture and food security in the Asia-Pacific region”, ESCAP adopted a resolution on implementation of the Bali Outcome Document in addressing the food, fuel and financial crises. During its March/April session, ECE considered the economic situation of Europe, held three panel discussions on the topic, and adopted conclusions on economic development in the region and on climate change mitigation and adaptation. ECLAC conducted a study on the food crisis, and summarized eight studies on climate change mitigation in the publication Economics of climate change in Latin America and the Caribbean—Summary 2009, which was presented at the fifteenth session of the Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. ESCWA continued to support implementation of transport agreements, such as the Integrated Transport System in the Arab Mashreq. A key development was the adoption of an agreement on the Arab railway network. The regional commissions also addressed the economic and social effects of the global economic and financial crisis that had begun in late 2008. Within the context of their mandates, the commissions took actions to mitigate the effects of the crisis in their regions and support stabilization and economic recovery.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2009. v. 63; Vol. 63
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