Yearbook of the United Nations, 2009. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 8, Population
In 2009, the commemoration of the fifteenth anniversary of the landmark 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) took place against the backdrop of financial turmoil and economic downturn. The global financial and economic crisis threatened to reverse progress achieved in eliminating poverty and derail the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Estimates suggested that the crisis had left an additional 50 million people in extreme poverty. Social and economic distress further complicated redressing gender inequality and improving reproductive health and rights, which were at the centre of the ICPD agenda. UN population activities continued to be guided by the Programme of Action adopted at the ICPD and the key actions for its implementation adopted at the twenty-first special session of the General Assembly in 1999. The Commission on Population and Development— the body responsible for monitoring, reviewing and assessing implementation of the Programme of Action— considered as its special theme “The contribution of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development to the internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals”. The Population Division continued to analyse and report on world demographic trends and policies and to make its findings available in publications and on the Internet. World population reached 6.8 billion in 2009, according to the Division. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) assisted countries in implementing the ICPD agenda and the MDGs through their use of population data to formulate sound policies and programmes. In 2009, UNFPA provided assistance to 155 countries, areas and territories, with emphasis on increasing the availability and quality of reproductive health services, fighting gender discrimination and gender-based violence, formulating effective population policies and intensifying HIV prevention.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2009. v. 63; Vol. 63
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