Yearbook of the United Nations, 2009. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 13, Health, food and nutrition
In 2009, the United Nations continued to promote health and food security, coordinate food aid and support research in nutrition. At the end of the year, about 33.3 million people were living with HIV/aids and an estimated 2.6 million people had become newly infected with the virus. Deaths due to aids-related illnesses were estimated at 1.8 million. The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/aids (UNAIDS) issued the 2009 aids Epidemic Update, which documented regional progress in implementing the 2001 Declaration of Commitment on HIV/aids. The Intergovernmental Negotiating Body on a Protocol on Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products held its third session from 28 June to 5 July. The World Health Organization (WHO) released a summary report on global progress in implementing the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, as well as its annual Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, on the theme “Implementing Smoke-free Environments”. A WHO report to the General Assembly on the Decade to Roll Back Malaria in Developing Countries, Particularly in Africa (2001–2010) noted that the 2010 target for malaria control and elimination was already being achieved by five African countries, with several other countries approaching the goal of reducing malaria morbidity and mortality by 50 per cent or more by the end of 2010. The Economic and Social Council at its high-level segment discussed the theme of “Current global and national trends and their impact on social development, including public health.” Its annual ministerial review resulted in a declaration with objectives on HIV/aids, emerging health threats and epidemics, malaria, tobacco use and road safety. The first global high-level conference on road safety was held in November in Moscow. In a ministerial declaration, participants set ambitious yet feasible national targets to reduce road traffic casualties. The World Food Programme (WFP) provided lifesaving food and nutrition assistance for 101.8 million people affected by conflict, storms, droughts, displacement, financial crises and other shocks that left them without food; 84 million of those beneficiaries were women and children. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAQ) continued to implement the Plan of Action adopted at the 1996 World Food Summit and the Declaration of the 2002 World Food Summit, which called on the international community to halve the number of undernourished people by 2015. World leaders convened at FAQ headquarters in November for the World Summit on Food Security, pledging renewed commitment to eradicate hunger.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2009. v. 63; Vol. 63
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