Yearbook of the United Nations, 2009. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 14, International drug control
In 2009, the United Nations, through the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), continued to strengthen international cooperation in countering the world drug problem. UNODC put the estimated number of problem drug users worldwide at between 15 and 39 million in 2009. The Commission on Narcotic Drugs—the main UN policy-making body dealing with drug control— held its fifty-second session in March, during which it recommended one draft resolution for adoption by the Economic and Social Council and adopted 13 resolutions on topics such as alternative development, regional cooperation, female drug couriers, money laundering and evaluation of drug analysis laboratories. At the high-level segment of its fifty-second session, the Commission adopted the Political Declaration and Plan of Action on International Cooperation towards an Integrated and Balanced Strategy to Counter the World Drug Problem. INCB reviewed the issue of primary prevention, a crucial area of demand reduction, and discussed the challenges facing the international community in applying the three major international drug control conventions, how Governments were responding to them and what action they should take. The Board continued to oversee the implementation of the conventions, analyse the drug situation worldwide and draw the attention of Governments to weaknesses in national control and treaty compliance, making suggestions and recommendations for improvements at the national and international levels. UNODC provided technical assistance, legal advice and research to the main UN policy-making bodies in drug control, and assisted Member States in developing domestic legislation on drugs and in implementing the international drug control conventions. During the year, activities were carried out in the areas of sustainable livelihoods, with particular emphasis on illicit drug crop monitoring, illicit crop cultivation and poverty eradication; supply reduction; drug demand reduction, treatment and rehabilitation; followup to the outcome of the high-level segment of the Commission's fifty-second session; and strengthening cooperation between UNODC and other UN entities for the promotion of human rights in the implementation of the international treaties. In July, the Economic and Social Council expressed its support for the development and implementation of the regional programmes of UNODC. In December, the Security Council called for stronger international cooperation to combat drug trafficking in Africa. Also in December, the General Assembly, in a resolution on international cooperation against the world drug problem, recognized that sustainable crop control strategies targeting the illicit cultivation of crops used for producing narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances required international cooperation based on the principle of shared responsibility; such strategies should include alternative development programmes and eradication and law enforcement measures. The Assembly recognized the role played by developing countries with extensive expertise in alternative development in promoting best practices, and stressed the need to respond to the challenges posed by the links between drug trafficking, corruption and other forms of organized crime. The centennial of the convening of the first multinational initiative in drug control—the 1909 International Opium Commission—was commemorated in February in Shanghai, China.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2009. v. 63; Vol. 63
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