Yearbook of the United Nations, 2001. Part 1, Political and security questions. Chapter 3, Americas
During 2001, the United Nations continued to advance the cause of lasting peace, human rights, sustainable development and the rule of law in the Americas. The Organization monitored the political and security situation in Central America, where, despite delays in the implementation of the peace agreements in Guatemala, progress was made in the consolidation of greater democratization throughout the subregion. Peaceful general elections were held in November in both Honduras and Nicaragua. The United Nations Verification Mission in Guatemala(MINUGUA) continued to fulfil its mandate of verifying compliance with the 1996 peace accords between the Government of Guatemala and the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca. In December, the General Assembly extended MINUGUA's mandate until 31 December 2002. In order to reactivate and speed up the implementation of pending commitments on the peace agenda, the Commission to Follow Up the Implementation of the Peace Agreements defined priority agendas for the State's executive, legislative and judiciary branches. In Haiti, a political and security crisis continued to stall the implementation of essential structural reforms, which undermined social and economic development. The inauguration of Jean-Bertrand Aristide on 7 February as Haiti's President further polarized political and civil society, leading to major outbreaks of violence throughout the year. The mandate of the International Civilian Support Mission in Haiti (MICAH) ended on 6 February. The United Nations Development Programme assumed responsibility for formulating a post-MICAH transition programme and other UN agencies continued to provide assistance to Haiti throughout 2001. In November, the Assembly again called on States to refrain from promulgating laws and measures such as the ongoing United States economic embargo against Cuba.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2001. v. 55; Vol. 55
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