Yearbook of the United Nations, 2001. Part 1, Political and security questions. Chapter 7, Disarmament
The United Nations Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects, considered one of the most important disarmament events in 2001, met in July and adopted a Programme of Action, which was seen as a significant first step towards curbing the illicit trade and proliferation of those weapons. In August, the Security Council called on Member States to implement the Programme. In 2001, the terrorist attacks of 11 September (see p. 60) and subsequent anthrax incidents in the United States raised further concern among the international community over the threat of bio-terrorism and the use of weapons of mass destruction. Despite the increased concern, multilateral efforts to strengthen the 1971 Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction suffered setbacks, as the Fifth Review Conference of the States Parties was suspended in December due to divergent positions on key issues. Earlier in the year, the Ad Hoc Group of the States Parties to the Convention failed to conclude negotiation on a compliance protocol. In related action, the General Assembly, in November, recognizing the close connection between international terrorism and illicit arms-trafficking and the illegal movement of nuclear, chemical, biological and other potentially deadly materials, called for multilateral cooperation to deal with the problem. The Conference on Disarmament once again did not agree on a programme of work and thus remained unable to take action on any of its agenda items during its 2001 session. The Disarmament Commission continued to consider ways and means to achieve nuclear disarmament and practical confidence-building measures in the field of conventional arms. With regard to anti-personnel mines, the Third Meeting of the States Parties to the 1997 Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti personnel Mines and on Their Destruction, in September, noted that considerable areas of mined land had been cleared over the past year, casualty rates had been reduced in several of the most affected States and victim assistance had improved. The Second Review Conference of the States Parties to the 1980 Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects, held in December, agreed to amend article I of the Convention in order to expand the scope of its application to non-international armed conflicts. The Third Annual Conference of the States Parties to the 1980 Convention's amended Protocol on the Use of Mines, Booby Traps and Other Devices (Protocol II) reaffirmed the States parties' commitment to restricting the use of, or outlawing, anti-personnel land mines. In November, the Conference on Facilitating the Entry into Force of the 1996 Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty called on signatory States to ratify the Treaty as soon as possible. At the bilateral level, the Russian Federation and the United States conducted the last inspection pursuant to the provisions of the 1987 Treaty on Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces, under which they agreed to eliminate their intermediate-range and shorter-range missiles no later than three years after the Treaty's entry into force, and to conduct on-site inspections on each other's territory for 13 years. They also completed reductions of their respective nuclear arsenals, in accordance with the terms of the 1991 Treaty on the Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms (START I). During the year, both parties held discussions on additional reductions of their nuclear arsenals and on related strategic issues, including the 1972 Treaty on the Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems (ABM Treaty). In December, the United States announced that it had decided to withdraw unilaterally from the ABM Treaty.
UN - UN. General Assembly - UN. Security Council - IAEA - UN. Conference on Disarmament - UN. Disarmament Commission - INTERNATIONAL SECURITY - DISARMAMENT - NUCLEAR WEAPONS - CHEMICAL WEAPONS - BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS - NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION - CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS - MINE CLEARANCE - SMALL ARMS - RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT - TREATIES
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2001. v. 55; Vol. 55
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