Yearbook of the United Nations, 2001. Part 3, Economic and social questions. Chapter 7, Environment and human settlements
In 2001, the United Nations and the international community continued efforts to protect the environment through legally binding instruments and the activities of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The second Global Ministerial Environment Forum/twenty-first session of the UNEP Governing Council (Nairobi, Kenya, 5-9 February) adopted decisions related to various aspects of the global ecosystem. During the Council's session, Governments expressed increasing concern that the current governance structures did not meet the needs of the environmental agenda. Thus, the Council initiated a review process on international environmental governance, which was aimed at a new model predicated on the need for sustainable development that met the interrelated social, economic and environmental requirements. The United Nations Forum on Forests, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council established to promote the management, conservation and sustainable development of all types of forests and to strengthen long-term political commitment to that end, at its first session (New York, 11-12 June), adopted its multi year programme of work for 2001-2005 and plan of action, and outlined the functions of the Collaborative Partnership on Forests. The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, which was adopted at a meeting of the Conference of Plenipotentiaries (Stockholm, Sweden, 22-23 May), was opened for signature on 23 May in Stockholm and at UN Headquarters from 24 May 2001 to 22 May 2002. The Convention set out control measures on the production, import, export, disposal and use of an initial list of 12 persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and included measures to reduce or eliminate the production and use of intentionally produced POPs; eliminate unintentionally produced POPs; and manage stockpiles and dispose of POP waste in an environmentally sound manner. The resumed sixth session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Bonn, Germany, 16-27 July) adopted the core elements for the implementation of the 1998 Buenos Aires Plan of Action to reduce the risk of global climate change (the Bonn Agreements), which provided for the establishment of two new funds to assist developing countries in adaptation, technology transfer and emissions reduction, and assist least developed countries in Convention implementation. At its seventh session (Marrakesh, Morocco, 29 October–10 November), the Conference adopted the Marrakesh Accords on modalities, guidelines and mechanisms to facilitate the entry into force of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, which aimed to reduce industrialized countries' greenhouse gas emissions. The Thirteenth Meeting of the Parties to the 1985 Montreal Protocol (Colombo, Sri Lanka, 16-19 October) adopted the Colombo Declaration on Renewed Commitment to the Protection of the Ozone Layer to Mark the Forthcoming World Summit on Sustainable Development, in 2002, the Fifteenth Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol and the Tenth Anniversary of the Establishment of the Multilateral Fund. The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, a four-year international collaborative effort to evaluate the state of the major ecosystems (forests, freshwater systems, grasslands, coastal areas, agro-ecosystems) was launched in 2001 as part of the observance of World Environment Day on 5 June. The General Assembly declared 6 November of each year as the International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict and invited Member States, UN system entities and other organizations to observe the Day. The General Assembly convened its twenty-fifth special session (New York, 6-9 June) to review and appraise the implementation of the Habitat Agenda, a global call to action that offered a vision of adequate shelter for all and the sustainable development of human settlements, adopted by the 1996 United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II). The Assembly adopted the Declaration on Cities and Other Human Settlements in the New Millennium, by which participants reaffirmed their commitment to the Habitat Agenda, presented an assessment of the implementation of the Habitat Agenda and proposed further action. In February, the Commission on Human Settlements, acting as the Preparatory Committee for the special session, held its second session and also convened its 942 Economic and social questions eighteenth regular session, during which it adopted 12 resolutions. In December, the Assembly transformed the Commission on Human Settlements and its secretariat, the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat), including the United Nations Habitat and Human Settlements Foundation, with effect from 1 January 2002, into the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat), which would function as a subsidiary organ of the Assembly. The former Commission would serve as the UN-Habitat Governing Council.
Yearbook of the United Nations, 2001. v. 55; Vol. 55
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